Bowlby’s primary thesis is that the success of all relationships or attachments in life is dependent of the success of the first one, namely, of the bond between the infant or small child and his mother or primary caregiver. Attachment behaviors begin early in life. This narrow age limit is often called the critical period. It has become more and more apparent that a healthy attachment is most important in human development. If a child has a secure attachment, he will grow up to view the world as a safe place and will be able to develop other emotions.
It highlights the important concepts of the theory, its chief tenets and its application during the early childhood relationships. Then, the essay goes on to examine the ways in which knowledge and understanding of the theory help social workers to promote and safeguard the welfare of children. The examination mainly focuses on how the attachment theory can help social workers in assessing, intervening, examining the causes of child abuse and how children are looked after. Theory of attachment Attachment theory is the strongest theoretical influence in modern-day studies of infant-parent relationships. John Bowlby was the first exponent of the theory.
John Bowlby There is a great deal of research on the social development of children. John Bowbly proposed one of the earliest theories of social development. Bowlby believed that early relationships with caregivers play a major role in child development and continue to influence social relationships throughout life. What is Attachment? Attachment is a special emotional relationship that involves an exchange of comfort, care, and pleasure.
• Criteria 1.3- explain why it is important to work in partnership with parents, including fathers. Working in partnership with parents is important for children’s wellbeing.Partnership involves parents, families and practitioner working together to benefit children. Parents are the most important people in their children’s life, by working together parents and practitioners can enhance children’s learning and development. For example, parents provide information about their child and practitioner use that information to support children’s development and meet their individual needs in the setting. In partnership working parents feel valued and respected and feel comfortable to get involve in their children’s learning and development.
Attachment can form at any age but early attachments are formed through being sociable from birth, this happens through interactions with people from the moment they are born. An example of a social interaction that can later contribute to the child forming a bond is face recognition. This is being able to recognise familiar faces and therefore can be the start of a bond. If early attachment is made with another person, for example this may be the main carer, then the child is likely to go on to strengthen that bond until firm attachments are made. Attachment allows the child to learn trust and feel secure with the person they are bonding with, this is important in how they form relationships with others.
As an infant, we form our first relationship as an attachment with our caretaker. The development of the caretaker-to-infant bond is, in many ways, essential to the infant's survival and influences all later attachments and our overall emotional and social development. Infant’s experiences are critical to shaping the capacity to form intimate and emotionally healthy relationships. Empathy, caring, sharing, inhibition of aggression, capacity to love, and many other characteristics of a healthy, happy, and productive person are related to the core attachment capabilities formed during infancy and early childhood. Attachment is important because children need to have a sense of security in all aspects of their lives so that they can grow up to be healthy and productive adults.
Standard 1:Understand the principles and values essential for fostering children and young people 1.Principles and Values 1a) What principles and values do you think are important in caring for children? Principles • The welfare of the child is paramount. • Foster carers contribute to children’s care, learning, development and safeguarding. This is reflected in every aspect of practice and service provision. • Foster carers support parents and families who are partners in the care, learning, development and safeguarding of their children, recognising they are the child or young person’s first, and in most situations, their most enduring carers and educators.
This is because the attachment is forming between them because the child seeks the mother for the reward. Another theory is Bowlby’s Theory of attachment. In this he believes that attachment is vital for survival and development. This suggests that infants are automatically programmed to attach themselves (imprint) and form an attachment. He believes it is a biological process which takes place during a short space of ‘critical’ time.
He proposed a theory of continuation; individuals who are securely attached during infancy develop to be socially and emotionally competent in the future, on the other hand, insecurely attached children have more social and emotional difficulties later on in childhood and adulthood. The reason behind this is because the mother’s behaviour creates an internal working model of relationships that in effect leads the infants to expect the same in later relationships. According to Bowlby, children have an innate determination to become attached to a caregiver because it has long-term benefits as does Imprinting. This is because both attachment and imprinting ensures that a young child/animal stays close to a caregiver who can provide it with food, comfort and protection. In this way, attachment and imprinting are adaptive behaviours.
CU1523 Working together for the Benefit of Children and Young People 1. Understand integrated and multi-agency working 1.1 Explain the importance of multi-agency working and integrated working * As an early years setting we have a responsibility to help the children in out care achieve the ‘every child matters’. To be healthy, stay safe, enjoy and achieve. * Team work with outside professionals is imminent to our work practises and I feel that integrating will help us achieve the outcome that we would like for our children and this will help them in their development going forward. This is an integral requirement of the eyfs.