Outline and evaluate the psychodynamic approach to abnormality The psychodynamic approach assumes that experiences in our earliest years can affect our emotions, attitudes and behaviour in later years without us being aware that it is happening. Freud suggested the mind or psyche has three parts: the conscious, the preconscious, and the unconscious. Freud suggested that individuals can never be aware of the contents of the unconscious. Freud argued that childhood experiences play a crucial part in adult development, including the development of adult personality. Every child must pass through the so-called psycho-sexual stages; how a child experiences these stages plays a crucial role in the development of his/her personality.
Shereatta Willis Kaplan University PS220 Unit 9 Assignment Early childhood development is defined as ,a set of concepts, principles, and facts that explain, describe and account for the processes involved in change from immature to mature status and functioning (Bukatko, 2008),development is also generally divided into three broad categories, physical development, cognitive development, and social emotional development. Physical development addresses any change in the body, including how children grow, how they move, and how they perceive their environment. Cognitive development pertains to the mental processes like, language, memory, and problem solving, that children use to acquire and use knowledge. Emotional and social development addresses how children handle relationships with others, as well as understand of their own feelings. Physical development in children follows a directional pattern, large muscles develop before small muscles, legs and arms develop before those in the fingers and hands, and children learn how to perform gross ,or large motor skills such as walking before they learn to perform fine ,or small, motor skills such as drawing.
Cu2935 Support Children’s Care, Learning and Development in Early years 1. Understand the import of early year’s curriculum models on the application of theoretical perspectives of children’s care, learning and development. 1.1 Outline early year’s curriculum models supporting children’s care, learning and development. Every child deserves the best possible start in life and the support enables them to fulfil their potential. Children develop quickly in the early years and a child’s experiences between birth and age 5 have a major impact on their future life.
1. Understand the pattern of development that would normally be expected for children and young people from birth-19years. 1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development that would normally be expected in children and young people from birth-19 years. 1.2 Analyse the difference between sequence of development and rate of development and why the distinction is important. 1.3 Analyse the reasons why children and young people’s development may not follow the pattern normally expected 2 Understand the factors that impact on children and young people’s development 2.1 Analyse how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of personal factors 2.2 Analyse how children and young people development is influenced by a range of external factors.
Module 4FD028 - Introduction The aim of this module is to show an understanding of the key concepts and approaches in Early Years provision and practice. By reflecting on how these are applied in practice, evaluating the impact on children’s learning and development and the practitioner’s role. The notion of ‘quality’ and the impact of one key concept on the child’s development and providing quality provision and practice will be discussed. Namely Transition from an Early years setting into a school environment for the first time paying particular attention to the role of the adult and the impact on the child’s well-being. In the developing field of Early Years, it is becoming more and more important for practitioners to have an awareness of the many topics that impact on the provision available to young children.
Include the following: • Explain how families affect the development of infants and young children. • Evaluate different parenting styles and their influence on development during infancy and early childhood. Include which parenting style you feel is most effective and why. • Discuss early childhood education and its influence on cognitive development. • Include at least two references.
Outline and evaluate Piaget’s constructivist theory of cognitive development In order to put Piaget's model into context it is useful to consider what intellect is, and some of the factors that influence cognitive development of the child. Additionally I will briefly discuss the term ‘constructivist’. Child development is generally concerned with how the child learns and expresses themselves at various ages. Typically studies are carried out on children from birth to adolescence. Specifically, most psychologists are interested in the processes that occur at particular ages, and what the child's capabilities are at each stage of their childhood.
In processing-information approach, children have their own basic process and capacities, recognition and recall, forming and retaining childhood memories. Factor of intelligence is affecting the strength of children’s early cognition. Based on the requirement of Human Development Psychology, our group observed
2010) Life Span Disorders Life Span Disorders are generally characterized as childhood disorders. The disorders defined in this category represent those discovered during early childhood or that develop throughout the life span. The most recognizable of these disorders are mental retardation, Autism, attention deficit disorder and even learning disorders. Many of these disorders maintain a biological component based on damage or malformation during gestation or delivery complications. Cognitive difficulties arise during the developmental stages as the individual suffering from one or more of these disorders find it difficult to achieve academically or interact socially.
Task 2 Communication and Professional relationships with children, young people and adults in an educational environment is an important part of a professional relationship. * Describe how communication with children and young people differs across different age ranges and stages of development Children’s cognitive, emotional, physical and social skills develop as they go through life. As they grow and mature, their needs, abilities, interests and challenges change. Younger children may be able to comprehend through very simple language and concrete images, older children are able to process more complicated linguistic and visual expressions. Various psychological theories on human development are based on the concept of “stage”.