Family and Household Diversity

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Family and Household Diversity It is difficult to define the family, instead it is better to refer to a range of family and household types. The most identifiable and common family and household types include nuclear families, where a married or cohabiting couple have dependant biological children; extended families consist of more than one generation; reconstituted families are the result of a remarriage; same sex gay households and a single person household, wherby 90% are headed by women and even groups of friends, these are just a few of the many diverse household types in Britain today. This assignment will discuss the wide range of ethnic, social and class backgrounds in the UK and also of the importance of diversity in the family and household forms. Sociologists are in general agreement that the family has several core functions which may be seen as essential to the reproduction and maintenance of society. Question 1 The term ‘family’ is defined as a distinct group in society whose members are related to one another by ties of either blood or marriage. George Peter Murdoch claimed that the ‘nuclear’ family is universal as it is the ideal family type, that best performs a range of functions for individuals and society, for example, providing education, economic and emotional support, reproduction and sexual stability. Murdoch’s definition of the family was of families living together and sharing the same household, the heterosexual couple would produce at least one child biologically or adopt a child and that it would be a marital relationship. The term household refers to an individual or a group that is defined by the fact that they reside in a particular property (Handout). Murdoch believed that the nuclear family is a universal social grouping, that it is found in all societies. However, this view can be clearly different cross culturally. The
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