Fallacie's of Hope Essay

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This movie was set in a gloomy period, the late 18th century and early 19th centuries. During this time, France was under the rule of Napoleon. This movie talked a lot about how there are revolutions, and how those revolutions are always happening. They also talked about Rousseau and his effect on the revolutions. The Industrial Revolution which had begun in England during the second half of the 18th century, spread to the Netherlands and France; from there to Germany, Northern Italy, the United States, and Japan. By the end of the century, it was beginning to have an impact on Russia. The substitution of machine labor for human and animal labor constituted the most important social change, in my opinion. The Industrial Revolution has undergone a number of stages or phases and is still evolving. The first phase was from about 1750 to 1850. Coal and the steam engine were the dominant driving forces of this phase. During the second phase, steel, oil, turbines, electricity, and internal combustion engines replaced the simpler technologies. Wooden sailboats were replaced by diesel powered steel ocean liners and battleships. Between 1815 and 1914, no major world war disrupted the general progress of economic development. There were many minor wars of which the more significant ones were those connected with the unification of Italy in 1861 under the leadership of Piedmont-Sardinia and Germany under Prussia in 1871. The forces of democracy, initiated by the American and French Revolutions, continued to demand an end to aristocratic rule. Class conflict and mass ideologies were prominent features of the 19th century. Nonetheless, the traditional monarchies and their landed aristocratic allies continued to rule in most countries of Europe at the end of the century. But everywhere, the bourgeoisie was gaining economic strength and demanding its share of political

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