The failure of foreign policy in the years 1514-1525 can be attributed to many things. The combination of Henry's isolation from European affairs and the fact that his attempts to raise tax were ultimately unpopular failures, meant that he had no way to impose himself upon Europe. Even when he did manage to scrape together the finances needed for a strong foreign policy his reliance on his allies led to disaster. As soon as Henry took the throne in 1509, it was obvious that he was a king that wanted to fight a war. However, wars generally led to very expensive costs to the country.
He was very critical of the courts lifestyle which made him appear to look superior to the Royalists and this was furthered by his daughter’s marriage to Charles’s brother to which many Royalists became jealous over his influence and strength in position, increasing their dislike of Clarendon. His method of land settlement also upset some Royalists because it meant that those who had sold their land during the interregnum wouldn’t be refunded. Their resentment at this treatment also was to cause problem with Parliament later. He also played a key role in Charles' marriage to Catherine of Braganza and her failure to bear children was also damaging to Clarendon, as he was accused of marrying Charles to an infertile bride for personal gain as his grandchild would become the next heir. These factors all upset the royalists and meant they had negative opinions of Clarendon which they were able to whisper in Charles’s ear when Clarendon wasn’t around and turn Charles’s more against Clarendon so it became easier to dismiss him and use him as a scapegoat later on.
In turn this would destroy Britain commercially and their industrial economy allowing Napoleon to take over Britain however did not work and left Napoleon worse off then he was before. His next mistake was the Peninsular war and as a result weakened his empire even more by the Spanish guerrillas, Germans, and Italians turning against him. Lastly his third mistake lost him most of his soldiers and the tactic used to defeat him was the scorched-earth policy, by the Russians. These mistakes greatly weakened Napoleons Empire. The empire was then declared war on by Britain, Russia, Prussia, Sweden, and Austria.
The loss of English territories in France was the main cause of York’s hatred of Somerset and worsened the relationship between Henry and York, whose relationship was already strained because of the court faction’s suspicions of York’s intentions and fears of attainder. York and the Neville’s wanted to see better governance and for Henry to regard them equally as the Beaufort’s. The feud between Somerset and York was because York felt dishonoured by Somerset’s easy surrender of Rouen and other lands of York’s appanage in 1450. As the son of Richard, Earl of Cambridge; who was executed for treason against Henry V, York was sensitive to the issue of family honour. He presented an article to the king in 1452, criticising Somerset for his failure to defend Rouen from attack and his surrender of Rouen in 1449 despite soldiers protesting.
How important was the Duke of Buckingham to the breakdown in relations between Crown and Parliament in the years of 1625-1629? Charles’ main advisor and partner in foreign policy was the Duke of Buckingham. Due to Buckingham being a wicked advisor led Charles to a disastrous foreign policy. This propelled him into confrontation with parliament. Buckingham had too much influence with the King; this meant he was seen as one of the main causes to the break down in parliament.
Revolts and unruly satraps caused serious economic problems for the empire. Persian taxes became heavier and more unfair, which led to economic depression and rebellions, which in turn led to more cruelty, heavier taxes and so on. The Persian kings also started hoarding gold and silver rather than recirculating it. This created economic chaos without sufficient gold and silver for doing business. As a result of this economic disorder, the Persian kings got weaker still, which fed back into the problem of revolts and powerful satraps.
As well as that, there was a very bad harvest in 1621 which caused widespread distress and finally there was wide support for anti-Spanish foreign policy. This meant that money was already short and James had to accept this, but he was a very extravagant king and would struggle to come to terms with not being able to have everything he wanted. Stress would have been a big factor and tension would have been big between the king and Parliament. A main reason that James felt the royal prerogative was under threat in the 1621 Parliament is because of monopolies. Monopolists such as Sir Giles Mompesson and Sir Francis Mithcell were impeached for their corrupt practices in monopolies such as licensing alehouses where many of these alehouses were illegal gambling dens or partly brothels.
Conclusion The main conclusion to be drawn for this paper is that the French Revolution was characterized mainly by war, famine and depression, which were caused by the failure of King Louis XVI at managing the finance of the notion properly. These factors finally led to unseat the French leader. To make matters worse, the inhabitants claimed the country for themselves in the name of liberty. In other words, the Revolution involved not only the reorganization of a country in relation to its government and society, but also a profound change in the course of history.
The new taxes that were imposed on baptism, burial and marriage were resented by many of the commons as a great number, particularly the poorer people, could not afford to pay them and they feared that this would prevent their salvation. Source B suggests that Robert Aske led the uprising in an attempt to prevent or reduce the ‘rising entry-fines and new taxes’. Source B also states that the ‘nobles and gentry disliked… the Statute of Uses’. This was an Act of Parliament which limited the application of uses in property law and had been introduced by Henry as a way for him to rectify his financial issues, so perhaps (as Source B suggests) the nobles had helped to lead the rebellion in an attempt to revert this
They feared once these principles were established they could be extended to ‘soak the rich’ and even out the unfair distribution of wealth in Edwardian Britain. The land taxes were especially controversial, as they would not actually produce a great deal of tax revenue. The Lords denounced this proposal as a ‘class war’. The Lords believed it was their duty to restrain governments from making sweeping changes the electorate had not voted on. A final less important reason was that the Lords believed that it was the fault of the poor that they were destitute in the first place.