The Fall of Ninevah

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The Fall of Nineveh When you look at the history of Nineveh, you will notice that it was labeled “a great city” (New American Standard Bible, Genesis 10:12; Jonah 3:3), one by man’s standards that ultimately was destroyed by God. It was a city that was one of the centers of the kingdom of Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the Lord. Nimrod was also credited with the construction of the Tower of Babel. Josephus, a 1st-century Jewish historian and apologist of priestly and royal ancestry who survived and recorded the Destruction of Jerusalem in 70, said this about Nimrod: “Now it was Nimrod who excited them to such an affront and contempt of God. He was the grandson of Ham, the son of Noah, a bold man, and of great strength of hand. He persuaded them not to ascribe it to God, as if it was through his means they were happy, but to believe that it was their own courage which procured that happiness. He also gradually changed the government into tyranny, seeing no other way of turning men from the fear of God, but to bring them into a constant dependence on his power.” (Josephus, Nineveh was located on the exterior bank of the Tigris River in northern Mesopotamia (Iraq). Nineveh was an important junction for commercial routes crossing the Tigris. It occupied a vital position on the great highway between the Mediterrean Sea and the Indian Ocean, thus uniting the East and the West. As wealth flowed into it from many sources, Nineveh became one of the greatest of all the regions' ancient cities. It flourished from about 800 BC to 610 BC as the capital of the Assyrian empire. It was Sennecharib who made Nineveh a city that no other city matched (c. 700 BC). He laid out fresh streets and squares and built within it the famous "palace without a rival", which has overall dimensions of about 210 by 200 m (630 by 600 ft). The palace comprised at least 80

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