The Falklands War: Crisis in Great Britain March 23, 2011 Introduction The Falklands War of 1982 embodied a military conflict that lasted 74 days between Great Britain and Argentina regarding the ownership of the Falkland Islands. The Islands had been a dependency of Britain since 1833 when Britain took possession from Argentina and later declared them as a colony in 1842. The Argentines had always resented Britain for taking what they believed belonged to them (BBC News 2011b). After Argentina was granted independence from Spain in 1816, they claimed all of Spain’s previous colonies and took possession of the Falklands in 1820. In 1965, the UN classified the Falklands “as a colonial problem” and urged Britain and Argentina to find a solution.
Conflict and Violence (a content-building exercise) Essential questions (add to this list as you do further research and reading) 1) Why do countries go to war? (reasons could include historical, economic, political, religious and moral among others) Reasons: A)Territory Sino-Indian War (1962) The Sino-Indian War Began: October 20, 1962 TheSino-Indian War Ended: November 21, 1962 B) Political and ideological: The Cold War (1945–1963) The global superpower stand-off that brought the world to the brink of destruction. After WW2, each commanded powerful military forces; each espoused globally expansive ideologies; each feared and distrusted the other. The Chinese Civil War (1927 – 1949/1950) was a civil war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT or Chinese Nationalist Party), the governing party of the Republic of China, and the Communist Party of China (CPC) (also known as CCP - Chinese Communist Party), for the control of China which eventually led to China's division into two Chinas, Republic of China (ROC) and People's Republic of China (PRC). The war began in April 1927, amidst the Northern Expedition, and essentially ended when major active battles ceased in 1949-1950.
Compare and contrast the causes of the Gulf War (1990-1991) and the Falklands/Malvinas War (1982). The Gulf War of 1990-1991 was a war fought by the United States and a thirty-four country coalition against Iraq after its annexation of Kuwait. The Malvinas/Falklands War of 1982 was a war fought between Great Britain and Argentina after a long-lasting dispute over a group of islands located in the South Atlantic. Both of these wars are examples of limited wars in the 20th century, either because of the limited number of stakeholders or because of the limited amount of resources used for the war. There are very similar events that led to the different wars, ranging from territorial dispute to political and economic instability.
The long term causes for the civil war were: Charles belief in the divine right of kings, Archbishop Laud’s reforms to the Church of England, money problems and the rise of parliament and Charles’ attempt to rule without parliament. The short term causes were the grand remonstrance, the Irish rebellion, Charles attempt to arrest 5 MPs and parliament’s attempt to take control over the army. Although both long term and short term causes can be split up into three different groups: political, economic and religious. The definition of a civil war is: A war between citizens and a leader of the same country. Although Charles did many bad and dangerous acts, it wasn’t only Charles fault the civil war started.
Classical Realism Classical Realism Vs Neo-Realism Classical Realism * Morgenthau - had 3 levels of analysis – individual, state, structure * Carr – international relations is the extension of human nature self-maximising. Has theoretical and empirical standing. * Human nature is inherently bad. * All basis on power politics ** Human nature does not change; laws of IR do not change * State-centric, status quo. Allows for more space for agency ANARCHY is a PERMISSIVE force for power completion (unlike neo-deep cause in structure * War of all against all (state of nature) * Diffidence – despite international efforts for co-operation states can never be trust each oither.
Fourth reason was refusal of South Korea to hold elections as per North Koreas demands. The Korean War is considered as an escalation of civil war between two rival regimens and supported by external powers. Here is a more in depth explanation of the four main causes of the Korean War the division of the Korean Peninsula after World War 2 between capalists, US supported right wing government of Syngman Rhee and the communist. China and the
His theory states that the continents were once one and have drifted apart. Wegener named this land mass “Pangaea”, which translates “All Lands” Then he gathered evidence from around the world from landforms, fossils, and climate. He then gathered his evidence and put it in a book titled “The Origin of Continents and Oceans” which was published in 1915. But Wegener’s theory was rejected because he could not provide evidence on the force that moved the continents. One piece of evidence from an ice age shows us that continental drift actually happened.
There are three main points that I would like to elaborate on. The first being, that incentivising dictators exacerbates the threat that dictators pose throughout the world. History suggests that encouraging current dictators to leave office by making retirement more attractive will also encourage future dictators to seize power, by lowering the risk that they will face prosecution. Given that 60 countries, representing nearly a third of the world’s population, are only partly free and therefore at risk of moving further into totalitarianism, this should be a grave concern. There is also the possibility that lenient treatment may allow dictators to regroup and mount a comeback, like Joaquin Balaguer in the Dominican Republic.
If such statements are to be taken as fact then it can be assumed that any state is only out to protect and achieve it’s own international relations. This general idea of a anarchy international system and even power politics can be seen clearly in the lead up to WW1. The lead up to WW1 saw states set themselves up with rigid alliances and agreements which created a situation at which many states could easily have conflicting interests, eventually leading to war. To fully grasp why the war broke out though it is essential to keep the balance of power in mind so as to have a full understanding of the reasons. One of the main reasons for the war can be looked at from a structural perspective.
On the 7th of December 1941 Japanese imperial bombers attacked the American naval base at Perl harbour in Hawaii in an aim to cripple the US fleet in the pacific. This attack was triggered by the Japanese military’s need for the pacific islands and the fact that the Japanese could not occupy the islands while the USA’s naval presence was so strong. Another event that triggered the Japanese’s attack on the base was the freezing of all Japanese assets in America and the implementation of an trade embargo. The results of the attack were that hundreds of lives were lost and several battle ships sunk the attack also brought the US war machine into WWII and resulted in the first use of an atomic weapon in an act of war. The Americans had long before the attack realised that the Japanese where a serious threat to their security and after the invasion of Manchuria America proceeded to freeze all Japanese assets in America as a punishment for the invasion of Manchuria they also stopped the sending over of scrap metal and rubber this severely set back the Japanese military effort because the Japanese relied on the scrap metal because they melted it down and used it to make their planes and Ships and as a result of this the Japanese army which held a huge amount of power became increasingly hostile to America.