Failure of Collective Security

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Druga Gymnasia- Ib Diploma program | Why did collective security fail to keep peace between 1920 and 1935? | | | | 25/5/12012 | Berina Beširović III1 IB | The League of Nation`s major aim was consisted of four optimistic elements that were planned to bring prosperity for Europe: encourage cooperation, stop aggression, disarmament and improvement of social conditions. The basis for success in these aims was maintaining collective security which was what League wanted to provide securing peace and stability in Europe. Even though League had both strengths and weaknesses it did not avert its own policy of collective security from failing which automatically meant road to new war. This essay examines the reasons why collective security failed in years 1920-1935, and reasons for the failure can be grouped in four big categories: internal issues of collective security, external issues, impact of Great Depression and final decline due to events of 1930s. Problems of collective security were encountered at the beginning within League itself when USA refused to join, even thought the League was proposed by USA`s president Woodrow Wilson. The US Congress was concerned that League would drag it into more disputes and didn`t want to interfere. That decreased success of the League as it lacked most economically stable country at the time. It was then primarily led by Europe at a decline. As it lacked real, confident power, League was mostly relied on goodwill and persuasion which wasn`t enough to keep up motto of collective security strong enough. No permanent army was present either to secure Europe from possible conflicts or to maintain confidence of members. Changing membership sides was also present which , even thought in some cases strengthened the League like joining of countries to support collective security, in some cases it failed to keep
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