H/SC Adults Intermediate NVQ Dementia Pathway CU1682 Understand and Enable Interaction and Communication with individuals who have Dementia Contents Understand the factors that can affect interactions and communication of individuals with dementia 4 1.1 Explain how different forms of dementia may affect the way an individual communicates. 4 1.2 Explain how physical and mental health factors may need to be considered when communicating with an individual who has dementia. 4 1.3 Describe how to support different communication abilities and needs of an individual with dementia who has a sensory impairment. 4 1.4 Describe the impact the behaviours of carers and others may have on an individual with dementia. 5 Be able to communicate with an individual with dementia using a range of verbal and non-verbal techniques 6 2.1 Demonstrate how to use different communication techniques with an individual who has dementia 6 2.2 Show how observation of behaviour is an effective tool in interpreting the needs of an individual with dementia 6 2.3 Analyse ways of responding to the behaviour of an individual with dementia, taking account of the abilities and needs of the individual, cares and others.
A) The key functions that are affected by dementia are vision, memory, hearing, language and learning, which the temporal lobe (bottom left front lobe of the brain) is responsible for. Decision making, problem solving, control of behaviour and emotions, which the frontal lobe (front lobe of the brain) is responsible for, can also be affected. Sensory information form the body, letter forming, putting things in order and spatial awareness, which the parietal lobe (middle top lobe of the brain) is responsible for, can also be affected. Processing information related to vision, which the occipital lobe (back lobe of the brain) is responsible for, can also be affected. Memory, attention, thought, senses and movement, which the cerebellum lobe (right at the bottom of the brain next to the brain stem) is responsible for, can also be affected.
1.2 Describe the types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia. Memory impairment is experienced when the following areas of the brain are affected, the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe affecting visual processing and temporal lobe affecting speech and language. An individual may go shopping and then forget what they went for; this can be early stages of dementia, as well as misplacing possessions. If the dementia progresses an
Person centred approach: This is a way of working which aims to put the person at the centre of the care situation taking into account their individuality, wishes and preferences Identifying communication strengths through: • life story profiling • personality profiling • health profiling • one-to-one case meetings • enriched care planning 2. Adapting style of communication by: • using sign language • gestures • pictorial approach • validation therapy • reminiscence therapy • memory books • tactile approaches • use of non-verbal communication 3. Reinforcing identity by: • valuing the individual • treating people as individuals • giving information • considering the current • situation from the perspective of the individual with dementia • enabling relationships with others Outcome 3 1. To include : reference to memories and reminiscence , focus on likes and avoid dislikes , know which topics to avoid: use od individualized activities which link to the individual’s background and life story. Use group activities which link to the individual’s life story ,their home, career
Assignment 207 Understand person centred approaches in adult social care settings Assignment composition Assignment overview In this assignment you will demonstrate your knowledge of person-centred care. You will explore what is meant by the term ‘consent’, define person-centred values, and consider how active participation can be used to best effect. You will consider how risk assessments can support informed choices and examine the factors that contribute to the well being of individuals using the service. Tasks There are three tasks to this assignment. A Information leaflet B Short answer questions C Case studies This is a summary of the evidence required for the unit.
The psychological approach is embedded in several other units in the programme and is extended, in particular, in Unit 29: Applied Psychological Perspectives for Health and Social Care, and Unit 30: Health Psychology. Learning outcomes On completion of this unit a learner should: 1 2 Understand psychological perspectives Understand psychological approaches to health and social care. Edexcel BTEC Level 3 Nationals specification in Health and Social Care – Issue 1 – June 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010 1 Unit content 1
Outcome 1 1. Explain how different forms of dementia may affect the way an individual communicates Dementia is a progressive illness that over time will affect a person's ability to remember and understand basic everyday facts, such as names, dates and places. Dementia will gradually affect the way the person communicates. Their ability to present rational ideas and to reason clearly will change. People who care for dementia sufferers may find that as the illness progresses they will have to start discussions to get the person to make conversation.
Understand how to reflect on practices in adult social care. 1.1. Explain what reflective practice is? Reflective practice is a process to help evaluate your work. It provides opportunities to learn from your experience and develop your working practice.
Procedures and Polices of the organisational kind are; Department of Health 2001a (A new strategy for Learning Disability for the 21st Century i.e. valuing people in, equal life chances and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities. Explain how this legislation and policies influence the day-to-day experiences of individuals with learning disabilities and their families. The influence that legislation and policies have on the day-to-day experiences of an individual with a learning disability and of their families is as follows i.e. covert discrimination; overt discrimination; harassment; rights; labelling; vulnerability; stereotyping; inclusion; prejudice; empowerment; abuse; opportunity and equality Understand the nature and characteristics of learning disability.