Fabric Swatch File

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Fundamentals of textile fibers, yarns and fabrics. Swatch File Nidhi Shah 1st year Fashion Designing Student 2013-2014 Index Sr No. | Topic | Page No. | 1 | Cotton | | 2 | Silk | | 3 | Linen | | 4 | Jute | | 5 | Wool | | 6 | Rayon | | 7 | Acetate | | 8 | Triacetate | | 9 | Nylon | | 10 | Polyester | | 11 | Acrylic | | 12 | Spandex | | 13 | Others | | Cotton Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective capsule, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium. The fiber is almost pure cellulose. Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will tend to increase the dispersion of the seeds. The plant is a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including the Americas, Africa, and India. The greatest diversity of wild cotton species is found in Mexico, followed by Australia and Africa.[1] Cotton was independently domesticated in the Old and New Worlds. The English name derives from the Arabic (al) qutn قُطْن, which began to be used circa 1400 AD.[2] The Spanish word, "algodón", is likewise derived from the Arabic. The fiber is most often spun into yarn or thread and used to make a soft, breathable textile. The use of cotton for fabric is known to date to prehistoric times; fragments of cotton fabric dated from 5000 BC have been excavated in Mexico and the Indus Valley Civilization (modern day Pakistan and some parts of India). Although cultivated since antiquity, it was the invention of the cotton gin that so lowered the cost of production that led to its widespread use, and it is the most widely used natural fiber cloth in clothing today. Characteristics * Has a comfortable, soft hand * Is easy to launder * Takes dye easily, good color retention * Is durable and strong Uses * Tops * Pouches * Sarees * Clothes Poplin Poplin, also called tabinet

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