Quality Management in Healthcare
The article I chose to summarize is healthcare associated infections (HAIs) which occurred during a hospital stay. These HAIs are a worldwide problem and is linked to the quality of care the patient receives from his or hers healthcare staff. HAIs are extremely dangerous; this is because they are typically caused by multi-resistant microorganisms whose line of action and therapeutic terms may be exhausted. The exhaustion of care is due to the overuse of antibiotics, environmental conditions, or the microorganism has evolved. (Baylina, 2011). I will summarize what actions have been taken and what new quality concerns are being taken to prevent this high mortality condition.
HAIs are not new to healthcare, they are referred to as nosocomial infections. In 1959 a report was published by the central health services UK, which identified the prevalence of contraction of the infections during patients hospital stay. The number one disease then was and still plagues hospitals today is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, also known as MRSA. Healthcare organizations have been fighting against HAIs with little success, but at a big cost. A 1992 CDC study estimates cost of HAIs and the cost of suggested infection control programs was approximately 6 percent of the total cost of the infections (Baylina, 2011). In 2003 a report was published by the United Kingdom Department of Health which "estimates that the costs associated with HAIs per patient bed for a year was identical to the cost of an infection control program apply to a hospital with 250 beds” (Baylina, 2011). These cost are linked to the increased length of stay and associate cost for treating the infection. Patients contracting infections and having to pay higher cost directly contradicts the definition of healthcare quality. There are several definitions of quality when