Eymp 4 Essay

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Professional practice in early years settings 1 Understand the scope and purposes of early years sector 2.1 Explain how the range of early years settings reflects the scope and purpose of the sector. The early year sector in the UK at the current time is very complex. It has developed from the response to families requirements based on social and economic factors rather than established by the government. An example of this was during the Second World War when women needed to work to replace the men serving in the armed forces. Nurseries were set up to care for the children whose mothers were working in the factories and offices. Once the war was over and the men returned to their jobs the nurseries were closed. In the second half of the twentieth century, public expenditure on early years provisions focused on families who presented social need and difficulties. Local authority day nurseries catered for children at risk of harm, mostly urban and deprived areas. Most early year’s settings were in the private sector – childminders, nannies and a few private nurseries. These were regulated by the 1948 Nurseries and Childminders Act; this was followed by the Children Act 1989 and Care Standards Act 2000. Playgroups developed in the 1960’s these were set up by parents for their child/ren to learn through play. They were and still are often held in village and church halls within the community. Families will have different requirements for childcare: * Parents may work or study and need their children cared for in a safe learning environment for all or part of the day. * Some children want to stay with their children while they socialise * Some parents want their children to be spend time in settings which offers services explicitly for young children’s learning. * Some parents want their children to be in small home based groups *

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