Extract from Great Expectations Charles Dickens

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The extract from Great Expectations is a scene where the character Pip is giving his perspective of the other character, Jaggers, who is a lawyer, and his office and Pip very much sees Jaggers room as synonymous to Jaggers character. The atmosphere of the room is best described by the repeated descriptive adjective, ‘Dismal’. Dickens writes from Pip’s perspective through 1st person. His impression of Jaggers room is not a positive one and as Pip searches through the room, it develops and this little world is built up, all through Pip’s eyes. Pip is the protagonist; everything is through his eyes, so everything gets his opinion. The character of Pip seems reasonably young but at the same time mature, “The distorted houses looking as if they had twisted themselves to peep down at me”, Dickens uses personification to paint quite a child like image as you can’t really imagine an adult thinking of houses bending down and peeping through a window. The character of Pip seems quite intimidated of Jaggers and his office, “Mr Jaggers own high backed chair, was of deadly black horse hair, with rows of brass nails around it, like a coffin”, as the chair is seen through the eyes of Pip, clearly he is associating the room, even the chair, with death, as coffin is part of the semantic field of death. Pip wouldn’t be associating the chair with death if he felt comfortable. At the same time though he seems intrigued and interested by the room, this is clear when stative verb Fascinated is used, “”I sat down in the cliental chair placed over and against Mr.Jaggers chair, and became fascinated by the atmosphere of the place . Dickens uses another stative verb ‘wondered’ several times, for example, “I wondered what was the history of all the odd litter around the room, and how it came there” or “I wondered whether the two swollen faces were of Jaggers family”, this shows that Pip is
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