Louis XIV takes over after Mazarin’s death in 1661 The revolts alarmed the young king into believing that only a country with absolute monarchy could prevent civil war. Louis believed that his power came from God and no one should question it. This was known as "divine right". After Mazarin's death in 1661, Louis XIV ruled as an absolute monarchy However, many obstacles stood in the way of absolutism in France: Nobles had the means to raise private armies and build fortifications. The king did not have the means to raise and keep an army himself and had to rely on these nobles to defend the nation; The Huguenots, who since the 1598 Edict of Nantes by Henry IV, held the rights to bear arms and to build fortifications in certain locations.
1633 He makes a catholic called William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury. He hates us. 1630s Earl of Strafford rules Ireland for Charles. He is unpopular with the Irish and the Us. 1635 He starts an unpopular tax called ship tax.
He believed he had the support of the English Parliament. Mark Kishlansky states that where previous requests for money and army were pressing, as in the 1620’s, the situation after the First Bishops War was one of “genuine emergency,” and parliament knew this. Parliament was arguing that an invasion of England was not as important as attacks on the freedom of its citizens (Kishlansky, 1997: 140). Kishlansky has highlighted how important the events of the First Bishops War was, Charles was backed into a corner by parliament due to the events in Scotland. David Smith says that it was clear that some members of both houses sympathised with the covenanters and wished to defeat the supply of money in order to encourage a resistance, (Smith, 1998: p111) highlighting that there was a
Decades of conflict followed, starting with the revolt as a result of the Stamp Act in 1765, leading to the eruption of war in 1775. The search for independence was a result of political, social, and economic factors such as the use of America as merely a subject land, made for the purpose of English wealth, the overall lack of representation the colonists had in government, and the emerging liberal and republican ideas as a result of the Enlightenment. Tension between England and the colonists stirred a hunger for liberty and a desire for freedom and was brought about by radical reforms, military battles, and the forming of a Declaration of Independence and a Constitution. The political aspect of the American Revolution was a result of Britain’s suddenly tightened control over the governing of the colonies. When they won the French and Indian War, England had to make a few reforms.
What was the main cause of the civil war? The civil war started in 22nd August 1642 when Charles finally snapped. Many MPs thought that Parliament had gone too far: Charles did too. In this essay you will see why in four sections; Money, Religion, Power and the Triggers. Charles got off to a bad start.
In 1216 the Barons of England rebelled against King John, the Barons rebelled for a number of reasons, they include the trust between the King and the Barons, how John increased the taxes, the church and the rule breaking of the Magna Carta, some of the reasons were caused at the beginning of John’s reign, known as long term causes, and some of King John’s poor decisions triggered the rebellion, known as short term causes. One imperative reason that supports the fact why the Barons rebelled against King John was the fact that he did not ask their advice, a good King should always listen to the advice of the Barons. Instead he preferred to the advice of foreign advisers. This annoyed the Barons and chose not abide by The King. Consequently when he asked the Barons to provide an army to win back his land in France they refused.
The Civil War, a term that defines a conflict between two parties from the same organization, which what happened exactly in England between the king and the parliament, starting from 1642 and ending with the public execution of the state’s ruler Charles I in 1649. Occupying a huge and important part in the English history, several researches were conducted to determine the civil war causes and three types were concluded: a long-term, a medium-term and a short-term cause. On one part, a major factor emerged from centuries ago, exactly with the early Tudors. The political change of the reformation made the state and the church one. After naming himself head of the Anglican church, king Henry VII had a total control over its money and services, and in order to increase the royal income, the king made the selfish decision of bringing down the monasteries, one of the great charitable works of the church to help the poor, that resulted in the economic change of a social unrest and then division.
The conflicts over trade, taxes, and government representation brought about the revolution that began shaping the United States as it is today. Although there were many economic influences on the American Revolution, these were not the primary causes of it. The colonists believed that the king of England, King George III at the time, was too controlling over the colonies, with tyrannical attitude and laws. This is shown in the Declaration of Independence, declaring the United States free from "absolute Tyranny over the States." To add to this conflict, British forces were attempting to intimidate the colonists into just plainly giving up.
Americans grew to believe that the many taxes were levied for the enhancement of British capital at the expense of American welfare. Britain was keeping the Americans in a position of economic youth by denying them economic freedom. Such economic control dates back to before the French and Indian War in a period referred to as “salutary neglect.” This term was adapted because, although Britain did regulate trade and colonial government affairs, the British for the most part stayed out of the Americans’ way. What makes this description of salutary neglect disputable is the British policy of mercantilism, which was enforced in this time. Mercantilism allowed for the belief that wealth was power and that a country’s power could therefore be measured in gold and silver—placing wealth at the forefront of their minds.
There were many reasons and causes leading up to the civil war, and can usually be divided into two categories: long term reasons and short term reasons. Some long term reasons include money and religion, whilst examples of short term reasons are Charles bursting into Parliament and demanding the arrest of 5 MPs, as well as other things like the Irish Rebellion. These all split Parliament and the King apart, and soon the country was forced to decide whose side they were on. This could only mean one outcome: war. One of the long term reasons is religion.