To What Extent Were The Actions Of Charles I To Blame For The First Civil War?

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Causes of civil war: 1) Religious divisions 2) Relationship between monarch and parliament 3) Financial problems 4) Three kingdoms 5) Outbreak of 30 yrs war 6) Personality and religious beliefs of charles 7) Buckingham 8) Arminianism 9) Forced loans 10) Petition of right 11) Three resolutions 12) Dissolutin fo parliament and personal rule 13) Laudian reforms 14) Financial reforms and taxation without consent 15) Charles imposition of the prayer book in scotland 16) Fear of catholics in eng and 3 kingdoms 17) Scottish rebellion and bishops wars 18) Recall of parliament and energence of crisis Religious divisions Calvinist belief-predestination: the belief that some people were predestined to be saved because they were able to except the gift of salvation and the disciplined Christianity that went with it. Arminianism- challenged the calvinst view and argued that God offered salvation to all. Claimed that the Roman Catholic Church was not the work of the devil but a sister Church that had gone astray. Start of the Personal Rule and the Forced Loan Due to the rising amounts of complaints Charles had recieved against Buckingham, he realised that he would not recieve any sunsidies from parliament without sacrificing his friend. Therfore it can be argued that the forced loan and the ship money that Charles consequently enforced to provide for him financially were not the actions of a tyrannical leader but merely the actions of a monarch trying to maintain his throne. It can also be argued that Charles had been put in a difficult position by the actions of both Parliament and Buckingham, and financial independence was the only route Charles could take without losing his favourite. However, it has also been argued that Charles did not dissolve parliament due to the conditions they imposed on Buckingham, but that the subsidies that they
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