Kleindutch supporters saw in Prussia a more cohesive state, which was less archaic and more progressive economically. Also Bismark was more determined to prepare his army and do anything to unify with Prussia. It was the famous blood and iron theory. Also his international diplomacy was a key figure on the unification with Germany. Between 1864 and 1865 he promoted an alliance with Austria reasoning that this would allay the fears of the southern German states, which were more naturally inclined towards Vienna than Berlin.
In 1848 Austria proposed to establish a union between Austria and the Zollverein, this was rejected. Prussia was now considered to be the state best equipped to direct the commercial fortunes with its rapidly developing economy. With the failure to establish a united democratic empire in the resolutions of 1948-49 Prussia proposed to set up a united German Empire under Prussian leadership, while Austria would be excluded from the empire, but not from German Affairs. While Austria was distracted in Piedmont and Hungary, Prussia accounted the Erfurt Union the first step in the
Cameron Trimpey-Warhaftig Business, Industry, and Labor 1. Factors promoting Am Industrialization – Natural resources for raw goods (coal, iron ore, copper, lead, timber, and oil), Labor supply due to loads of immigrants cheap labor, Capital for investing in Am business, Technological advances (2nd industrial revolution), Pro-Business gov’t policies – Protective tariffs, little regulation of business, low taxes on profits, RR system, protection of private property 2. Characteristics of Am business 1840-1920 – 3. America’s first “big” business – Railroads 4. Railroad time – At the General Time Convention, RRs agreed to the 5 time zones that lasted for 35 years 5.
However it could be argued that Wilhelm II’s aims to crush socialism in response to Caprivi’s tolerance for Socialism in his years as chancellor disagree with this view as it suggests he is aiming for more of an autocratic state where he holds state control. Another notable factor which suggests Germany was a parliamentary democracy is Wilhelm II could ignore the views of the centre party; failed attempts to previously dismiss them such as the Kulturkampf were a failure because the party’s strong political views are extremely influential, and they have always had a substantial amount of seats in the party. This in turn meant the government was influenced by the parliament. However, there were many events which demonstrate the Kaiser
Mckinnon emphasizes that the unification of Germany was not an unavoidable outcome of economical forces. However, he does admit that Austrian exclusion from the Zolverein consequently cut them off from German economic life, which lead to important political consequences.Merriman agrees with this and adds that Bismarck was given great support from businessmen that believed they would be given significant economic benefits due to unification. These facts illustrate that although historians such as Keynes state “the German empire was not founded on blood and iron but on coal and iron.” Historians views still differ greatly today, Keynes articulately emphasizes upon how the economic union failed to have a huge impact on the unification of Germany nevertheless he claims that all the impact that the economy did have is easily traced back to Bismarck as the driving force behind it. Perhaps the most important economic factor
Assess the impact of conservative parties and elites on German politics in the period 1918-1934. Conservative parties and elites had a significant impact on German politics in the period 1918-1939. From the establishment of the Weimar Republic to the beginning of Nazi power, conservative parties and elites have had a strong influence on German politics. These conservative parties and elites were primarily right-wing nationalists, who either just tolerated or rejected the idea of democracy. However despite this, these conservative elites had both positive and negative impacts on German politics.
When Keynes rejected the scale of reparations placed on Germany and resigned from his post at the Treasury, he lead the way for what many leading politicians were to understand later on. Keynes supported the approach of Lloyd George that for economic and political reasons, Europe needed a successful Germany, which would be seriously difficult to achieve whilst the excessive reparations were placed on them. Furthermore, his book The Economic Consequences of the Peace (1919), was successful in influencing the view of Britain that a weak Germany would only make the recovery of Europe after the war, a lot more difficult. On the other hand, from taking this view, politicians were criticised for being 'too lenient' towards Germany. Even Lloyd George, who took a much tougher political approach towards the reparations, received criticism.
Growth and rationalization – 1918 Despite inflation and the global economic crisis, Allianz becomes Germany’s largest insurer. As the company grows, simplified and automated work processes are required: the company starts offering small property and life insurance policies with monthly premiums of two to four Reichsmarks Under National Socialism – 1933 From 1933, Allianz is part of the National Socialist dictatorship’s economic system. Like many other companies, at the end of World War II Allianz faces economic ruin. Reconstruction and change – 1945 After reconstruction and the economic miracle in Germany, Allianz becomes Europe’s largest insurer in the 1970s. Allianz shifted its headquarters to Munich in 1949.
He wanted a new constitution, the army to be well maintained, religion to be subordinated against the united Germany, Prussia to be economically strengthened and to curb the growth of socialism. Bismarck's aim for the constitution was that he wanted to bring a federal system in to Germany. Prussia now dominated the new Germany called the Second Reich, which covered two thirds of the land area and contained the same proportion of the population and has practically all the industry. The new constitution drawn up by Bismarck would included each of the twenty-five states. Each state would have considerable control over their own affairs and decided their own form of government.
By 1890 Standard Oil of Ohio Company controlled 88% of the refined oil flows in the United States and the company made John D. Rockefeller the richest man in modern history. Another industry at that time was the clothing industry. In 1873 Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis patent "Blue Jeans". Using heavy duty cotton cloth and copper rivets they produce trousers that are virtually indestructible aimed at Miners, Farmers, Mechanics and cattle raisers. Blue Jeans helped improve the productivity of heavy duty workers.