1) Suggest three factors within schools that may lead to the educational under-achievement of pupils from some minority ethnic groups. (6marks) 2) Suggest three material factors that might cause working-class educational underachievement. (6 marks) One material factor that may cause working class underachievement is lack of workspace at home. Poverty leads to material deprivation whereby this involves cramped housing, an environment where the child has no space for homework and where illnesses spread quickly. This means that the children are unable to do homework, thus fall behind on work in class, which in turn leads to low educational attainment.
People are struggling to survive everyday because they have no food and shelter. These people may always dig through the trash to find something to eat for the day, not knowing if they will find anything. Families may always live in horrible conditions, having no other choice, because they do not have enough money. It’s extremely hard for them to find well paying jobs in these countries. For most of these people it’s nearly impossible to get out of poverty because they were born and raised in that culture, unless other people who aren’t in poverty help them out.
Assess the effects of policies ‘designed to create an education market’ in United Kingdom In 1988 the educational reform act created education market by reducing the influence the state had over education system. Marketisation refers to increase competition between schools and incorporate the control of the consumers (parental choice). The new right favour this idea of an education market, with individuals having a choice rather than depending on the state. The new right argued that the state produces low standards within the education system. Instead they believed that marketisation will produce schools to run more efficiently like a business therefore schools will have to compete against each other to attract the consumers, by showing them what they want to see- such as outstanding success in exams.
This is a big influence on student’s educational achievement as they do not have enough money to buy the necessary equipment for school such as revision guides. Also, if a student comes from a poor background, the house is more likely to be overcrowded. This means that they do not have a quiet place to study and do their homework which puts them at a disadvantage. Thay may not be able to afford educational trips etc. this is known as cultural deprivation.
In the film Waiting for Superman, the filmmakers investigate schools where there are low expectations of student achievement. Some of the social factors seen in the film that contribute to non-functioning educational environments are Income, school location, neighborhood.. It seems that families in poverty or with low incomes are not interested in learning. They feel like they have been hit with the short end of the stick. The schools are generally over crowded with few good teachers.
Children coming from little advantage miss out on an amount of things. One being education, coming from a low income schooling system that means that the education is not always up to par. Children that attend these schools will not be academically prepared for college if they do not have the skills they need. Coming from a low income schooling system where there are not enough books to go around and things of that matter are sometimes not skillfully prepared for furthering their education. Children are hindered by these kinds of schools, teachers and peers lay a big role in the children’s lives.
Men struggled to maintain and find jobs to support his family, and women struggled to put food on the table and care for her children with the little or no money that the men brought home. Many schools were forced to close down because the lack of money to stay open, three million children between seven and seventeen had to leave school and almost 40% young people between the ages of 16 to 24 were not working nor in school. Many children
Funding from local tax revenues and community resources to generate additional income from poor families is smaller than that of affluent neighborhoods. Second, parental participation is lower due time constraints and lack of information which is often interpreted as disinterest. Third, parents often feel powerless to create change which often influenced by the fourth factor, lack of “individual and collective efficacy” (p. 85). Educational success is further impacted by student arriving with additional needs. Unlike their affluent counterparts, students with in the Oakland system arrived to school with unprepared: academically, often lacked dental and health insurance, came to school hungry, moved frequently or were affected by domestic violence.
Unfortunately somewhere down the line, the school board members at the district, and state level didn’t think the program was worth keeping. It is truly baffling, and makes a person wonder just where the priorities are when it comes to the education of children. As a result of these broken education systems, along with excessive social activities, and the lack of parental involvement, a high percentage of students are just skimming by when it comes to getting their education. School districts around the country are not doing enough to properly educate children. As a result, this country has fallen far below the international average when it comes to education.