. HPV is a risk for cancer but not all viruses cause cancer. In women an HPV can cause Cervical Cancer, which is very common ("cervical cancer"). Cervical cancer is a tumor of the cervix. The cervix is a part of the uterus which is also the womb.
Usually, there are no signs in the early stages of cervical cancer. The signs can only be observed as the disease advances, for example, abnormal vaginal bleeding, pain during sexual intercourse, pelvic pain and heavy vaginal discharge. The main cause of cervical cancer is because of uncontrolled abnormal cells division. This results in the formation of tumour, an excessive accumulation of abnormal cells. Several ways, for instance, surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy can be used to treat cervical cancer.
First of all the diagnosis, thanks to many research projects, we now have a very accurate cancer marker for the detection of Nasopharyngeal Cancer. It mainly works by binding onto the mutated genes that causes the cancer. This procedure is relatively easy and it only needs small amount of fluid from the patient. If unfortunately the patient is diagnosed with cancer then the health professionals will judge and state the stage of the cancer. Furthermore, different stages of cancer will be treated with different methods and therapies.
This type of cancer begins in the lungs and is divided into three main types; non-small cell, small cell and lung carcinoid tumor (American Cancer Society, 2012). Understanding what type of lung cancer a patient has is important as this will have an impact on treatment and prognosis. Proper diagnosis also involves staging; stage is used by the health care team to determine the extent of disease within the patient’s body. Lung cancer treatment will vary based on type and stage. Common treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapies (American Cancer Society, 2012).
The diagnosis may be suspected with chest X-ray and CT scan, but must be confirmed pathologically either with serous effusion cytology or with a biopsy and microscopic examination. Despite treatment with chemotherapy, radiation therapy or sometimes surgery, the disease carries a poor prognosis. Research about screening tests for the early detection of mesothelioma has made leaps and bounds. Now the cancer has been detected so often it isn’t considered rare. Working with asbestos is the major risk factor for mesothelioma.
The size of the breast cancer and how far it has spread are some of the most important factors in the prognosis of a woman with this disease. During a mammogram, your breasts are compressed between two film surface to spread out the breast tissue. Then the x-ray will capture black and white images of your breast that are displayed on a computer and examine by a doctor who looks for signs of cancer. There are two different types of mammograms one is screening mammograms and the other is diagnostic mammogram. A screening mammogram are x-rays exams of the breast that is used for woman who have no breast symptoms or signs of breast cancer.
Basal cell carcinomas are present on sun-exposed areas of the skin, especially the face. They rarely metastasize and rarely cause death. They are easily treated with surgery or radiation. Squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) are common, but much less common than basal cell cancers.the metastasis rate is quite low, with the exception of SCCs of the lip, ear, and in immunosuppressed patients. Melanomas are the least frequent of the 3 common skin cancers.
Yet the benefits outweigh the risks by far because if the procedure is done correctly all the cancerous cells in that isolated area will be eliminated entirely. Keywords: Targeted Chemotherapy, molecular targeting, isolated infusion, Cisplatin, angiogenesis, alkylating antineoplastic agent Chemotherapy is the therapeutic use of chemical compounds for the treatment of cancerous diseases. Normally chemotherapeutic drugs are given intravenously in low dosages over large periods of time, this is called an antineoplastic drug regimen. Antineoplastic drug regiments do work to terminate the quickly dividing tumorous cells, but unfortunately this method also kills normal, healthy cells found in the many soft tissues in the human body and can cause significant damage to healthy organ systems. Instead medical researchers have developed targeted chemotherapy to better treat cancer without damaging healthy sections of the body.
It appears as a firm, red nodule, or a flat lesion with a scaly, crusted surface. There is many ways to treat a Basal cell carcinoma with a good chance of success of 90% or more. The doctor’s main goal is to remove or destroy the cancer completely with as small a scar as possible. The doctor considers location, size, risk of scarring, and the person’s age, general health, and medical history. In conclusion I did my research paper on skin cancer.
Another type of vaginal cancer is adenocarcinoma, cancer that begins in glandular cells in the lining of the vagina. Already 840 women have died from vaginal cancer. Vaginal cancer often does not cause early symptoms and may be found during a routine pelvic examand Pap test. When symptoms occur, they may be caused by vaginal cancer or by other conditions. Some symptoms of vaginal cancer are: * Bleeding or discharge not related to menstrual periods.