Explore the Ways Shelley Uses Setting to Contribute to the Gothic Concept of the Novel.

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Explore the ways Shelley uses setting to contribute to the gothic concept of the novel. Shelley uses setting as a vital contribution to the gothic concept of the novel; Mary said “The very room...he glassy lakes and the high Alps beyond”, would be the pivotal settings in her novel. Shelley knew from this stage that exterior and interior settings would be significant; interior “dark room” which refers to Victor’s laboratory of “filthy creation” in Chapter 4, an epitome of the gothic genre revealing a sense of darkness and seclusion mirroring the eponymous character Frankenstein. The idea of the lake and high Alps can be observed as being influenced by the Romantic poets, Percy and Wodsworth on nature being a restorative agent. Hence Shelley’s use of the exterior setting of the Arctic, which unravels the framework of the novel through epistolary form. Mary Shelley uses the exterior setting of the Arctic to tell the tale of Victor to Robert Walton as they are “surrounded by ice”, in Letter 4. Being “surrounded by ice” contributes to the gothic concept of entrapment, which allows Victor to tell his tale that usurps nature. This is because the idea of the Arctic was unexplored in the 18th century. Shelley probably read Dante’s Inferno because of the reference in her book, stuck in ice remind us of Dante’s description and the ninth and innermost circle of Hell. Further references to Dante’s Inferno is in Chapter 24, “Like the archangel..chained in an eternal hell”, concept that Victor’s “hell” is within him- gothic concept of the dark psyche. Arguably Shelley was probably influenced by Coleridge’s Rime of the Ancient Mariner to seek penance as like Victor, the Mariner defies God by killing the “Albatross”, whilst in contrast Victor creates a “deamon” that would justify his defiance from God. In Letter 2 Robert Walton quotes the Rime of the Ancient Mariner, “I shall not
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