After the Renaissance, the race was on for “God, gold, and glory”. The age of exploration was rooted in, and enabled by, new technologies. Ideas growing out of the Renaissance nurtured the collective motivations of Europeans to explore. The Europeans in fact had several different motives to begin exploring. The motives were both spiritual and material.
American Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century As a growing nation, the United States felt the need to continue expansion for the benefit of all citizens. Territorial development allows for growth in population and natural resources to produce goods and supply services for prosperity. To acquire or control territories, forcible means would sometimes be used, otherwise known as imperialism. This paper will describe imperialism more intently. Advantages of imperialism will be discussed, as well as some of the disadvantages.
Even though at the time being England had control over the seas. This gave mostly liberty for the English to send their people in attempt to start a new order. Another reason that allowed the English to settle in the Americas was the joint stock companies. Their main purpose was to provide funds for the English citizens to start new colonies in which the investors provided. These companies provided a new outlook to the central value system of capitalism and the expectation to discover gold in the Americas.
Their accomplishments became known to other Europeans who were intrigued by the stories of the Vikings’ discovery of the New World. Between 1000 and 1650, developments in Europe provided the incentive for exploration and colonization of America. The most powerful influence for exploration was trade. Due to political and religious changes, the overland trade routes to the East were dominated by the merchants who limited their use. As a result, a search for new trade routes to the East became necessary.
However, England dominated the region economically. In an effort to claim the territory peaceably, the United States encouraged its citizens to settle there, appealing to their sense of nationalism as well as offering incentives in the form of land subsidies. The government told citizens it was their “Manifest Destiny”, their God-given right and obligation, to settle the west and bring the American culture to the area. The Oregon Trail
The Conquistadores Exploration The Conquistadores traveled to the New World for the reasons of wealth and personal glory. They brought the European culture to many well-known parts of the New World. As greedy as the Conquistadores’ reasons for their exploration, they remained loyal to the crown. Their exploration helped build a Spanish empire and proselytize the Catholic religion. Christopher Columbus, well known for “finding” the New World, began Spain’s voyaging into the New World with the support of Isabella and Ferdinand.
With the wealth of the Americas Spain was able to finance nearly endless warfare in Europe to protect the Americas and bring Catholicism to the New World. In 1519 the promise for riches was fulfilled by Hernan Cortes’s march into Mexico. His expedition served as the model for Spaniards’ and other Europeans’ expectations that the New world could
With their previous control in India and Africa, the British nation had the tools in needed to develop into the imperialist power it would. As a result of this prosperity exhibited by the British, other nations felt the need to gain there own global colonies so that they could be deemed just as powerful. This sparked global competition as it began to form during the age of Imperialism. Global Rivalry At this time in Europe, there was a continuous rivalry between the European countries. Previously (after the Napoleonic wars) this balance was overturned.
This policy, along with Wilhelm ll’s decision to create a colonial empire, caused rivalry between the major European powers, particularly Britain. In the 19th century colonialism was very popular as major European powers tried to increase their territory, resources and power. By the 20th century the British Empire had 1/4 of the world’s land surface which gave them trade opportunities and transport advantages (McCallum and Ringer, 2005, p237). Wilhelm ll, with a nation only thirty years old, wanted an empire but had missed out on the overseas colonies such as India and Nigeria which belonged to Britain. Germany’s new colonies in China and Africa made Britain concerned.
The Paris peace settlement was a key in both of the leaders foreign policies, as they both were weakened in the treaty of Versailles. Both of the leaders put forward a very radical fascist ideology that idealized national expansion and military strengths as the proof of national strength and prestige of the country. Differences in the two fascist leaders policies start to show in their aims and the planning of them. As Hitler was trying to make Germany the absolute dominant power in Europe, Mussolini's aims were more on the prestige, as he wanted to make Italy "Respected and feared". But the similarities were also great as they both were great opportunists and aggressive expansionists, they wanted to expand their countries to become the dominant powers in Central Europe (Germany) and the Mediterranean (Italy).