Explanation of Theory Essay

881 WordsApr 15, 20134 Pages
Explanation of theory Kohlberg's theory was researched and interviewed using groups of boys of 10 through 16 years old; he presented them with a series of hypothetical moral dilemma stories. These stories presented a conflict between the two moral values. Kohlberg examined and followed the participants between three and four year spans within 20 years (Berk, 2010). Kohlberg's stages on moral development proved gradual and slow pace. Stage 1 and 2 diminish early adolescence, while stage 3 increases the mid-adolescence, and then it is rejected. While stage 4 rises over teenagers, until early adulthood, only a few people progress past the 4th stage. Kohlberg explains that only a few individuals would reach the 5th and 6th stages. Though, the individual needs to demonstrate morality and maturity; only few individuals measure up (Gibbs, 2010). Kohlberg's theory consists of cognitive developmental approach of morality, which has been faced with many major challenges. This radical conflict comes from researches, which inconsistency refers to a wide range of moral reasoning. Kohlberg stages for a series of inadequate morality in a person’s everyday life (Krebs & Denton, 2005). Kohlberg’s moral reasoning gradually developed into three levels, which contains two different stages. The preconvention level is externally controlled by rewards such as punishments and authority figures. While the conventional level shows consistency among laws, rules and positive human relationships in the community. The post conventional level shows defined as total principles of Justice (Berk, 2010). Gilligan’s theory has a different prospective on Kohlberg’s theory. Gilligan believes that women’s morality give emphasis to the ethic of care, which Kohlberg’s system diminishes. Gilligan is apprehensive for others but for the moral judgment focuses on the impersonal rights. For instance,
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