Explaining Hypertension Essay

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Explaining Hypertension Explaining Hypertension to an Adult The purpose of this paper is to imagine that I am the education nurse in an internal medicine practice. As the education nurse I was tasked by the doctor to explain hypertension to a 63-year old man who was just diagnosed with hypertension. Blood pressure readings are usually given as two numbers -- for example, 120 over 80 (written as 120/80 mmHg). One or both of these numbers can be too high. The top number is called the systolic blood pressure. The bottom number is called the diastolic blood pressure.(Retrieved from the world wide web: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000468.htm) . Sometimes, blood vessels become less flexible or narrowed; when this happens the heart has to pump harder to get the blood to go through the vessels. The end result is an increase in pressure in the vessels-High Blood Pressure. Stress or heavy exercise can cause a temporary increase in BP. Continuously elevated BP leads to damage of many organs, especially the heart, kidneys and brain. (1996-2014 MedicineNet, Inc: retrieved from the world wide web http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=183 ). The homeostatic imbalance that causes hypertension is a possible reaction to medication, or a shock. Also weight is a factor, and inactivity. Other factors are drinking and smoking. Internal and external stressors also affect homeostasis, which in turns causes Hypertension. The organ system it involves is the cardiovascular system. One of the most important techniques for maintaining homeostasis is the negative feedback system. The system works to maintain a constant balance. If a disturbance occurs, the body via a negative feedback system will counteract the disturbance and try to return the body to its normal balance. (Homeostatic Imbalance in Reference to Hypertension and Diabetes..
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