Explain Why the Philippines and California, Multiple Hazard Hotspots Are Affected by Disaster in Different Ways. (15)

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Flooding is when unusually high amounts of rain lands on an already saturated area or has a high water table. The river systems cannot remove the water as quickly as it arrives therefore resulting in an overflow of water which finds other ways of escaping. Thereby resulting in flooding of flat areas or valleys. As an example in 2010 the Philippines experienced a flood in which 452 999 people were displaces, from which 68 died and it resulted in $20,396,723 in damages. This flood was induced by a typhoon that had hit the mountain ranges afterwards and led to surface run off. In this case the country was affected greatly and more than the Californian flooding disaster of 1996-7 because they has no risk management put in place for that particular disaster, meaning the water could simply run into the villages. Secondly they has been hit by a typhoon, many people’s homes had already fallen into disrepair or destroyed, and the flood just helped more to destroy. The people were already vulnerable, flooding helps pass around disease, more people were at risk, as they only had partial homes. On the other hand in California in 1996-7 they were experiencing sub-tropical storms, it had been the wettest December in a while. Furthermore rail was falling at a high elevation causing snow of mountains to melt and increasing further water. Impacts included 23000 homes and buildings destroyed, 1200 evacuated and caused $2 billion in damage. This is less than the Philippines because they had some protection from levees on the Sacramento River however they did fail, due to the already saturated land. However it reduced the amount of water but also they had a bit of warning and many people got evacuated in time. On the other hand the floods in an urban area often happen quicker than in natural environments because the urban developments have led to less storage the water had nowhere else
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