The Reign of Terror: Justified or Not? The Reign of Terror, a year-long bloodbath of the French Revolution, was it justified or not? Was there actually a reason why the Reign of Terror was necessary? Well, in fact, there was a reason it was necessary for the revolution. Although the Reign of Terror did not protect the rights of man like the starters of the French Revolution wanted, it helped secure military victories for the French against external enemies, quelled the counterrevolution that was stirring in France due to nobility and clergy, and the speaking prowess of political leaders, such as Robespierre, helped convince the common peoples to join the Reign of Terror in extinguishing external and internal enemies of France.
The main motivation for the reformation in England was Henry V111 religious convictions how far do you agree with this statement? The reformation in England was the change from Catholicism to Protestantism. Henry V111 played a huge role in the reformation for example he stopped the amount of taxes that were being payed to Rome and he later ordered the dissolution of the monasteries however there are many other reasons to why the reformation in England took place for example for many years Protestants had argued over the beliefs and laws of the catholic religion as they believed some of their beliefs were corrupt. For example the Catholics had a strong belief in purgatory this is a seen as being like a waiting room were your soul is weighed on all of the sins you have committed compared to all of the positives that you have done throughout your life. The church said that the only way you could get time out of purgatory or save a family member from purgatory was to buy indulgences this means that the monks will pray for you and your family.
Even though the Jacobins were completely controlling the government after the arrest of the Girondins, they still feared that the Revolution would fail if they failed making them very unstable. They also feared spontaneous action. This led them to order arrests and trials of counter-revolutionaries and to impose government authority across the nation and to create the Committee of Public Safety, a
Wolsey was raised as a Catholic and supported the concept of marriage however, the main reason he was able to stay in power for so long was his flexibility to meet the kings wishes whatever they were. A divorce was very hard to obtain even for the king of England as it went against the religious nature of the country and so Wolsey knew he would have to find a loophole or old scripture that allowed Henry to be divorced from Catherine if he wanted to please Henry and stay in power. Wolsey tried to say that Edward had not consummated his marriage to Catherine of Aragon and so it was not valid, however this is most likely untrue and so this did not work. The Sack of Rome was used to put pressure on the Pope to grant the divorce as it kept the Pope as a virtual prisoner inside of Italy however this also failed. Wolsey’s final attempt to secure the divorce was through Henry’s own court however, this was not recognised by Catherine and she went to the Pope who refused to grant the divorce.
When they won the French and Indian War, England had to make a few reforms. King George III declared the Proclamation of 1763, which forbid American colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains in an effort the stabilize relations with the Native Americans. However this angered many colonists who had land grants there and in turn, the Proclamation Line was ignored. This was the start of a series of disagreements between the two lands, as the American citizens began to gain a stronger taste for independence. Enlightenment writers such as John Locke, who patented the idea that it
But that’s not the only reason religion caused the civil war, King Charles believed in the divine right. It was when the king/queen believes that god put them on the throne. So Charles took all the power because of this and Parliament didn’t want to go with his decision which contributes to the civil war. Also he made Scottish churches uses English prayer books which caused riots and England went to battle with Scotland. England lost.
Within the public intensions the king wanted to bring the clergymen into the sphere of his subjects. Clergymen of England were under the influence of the Pope, and saw the king as a second leadership figure. The Monasteries were also an outdated system that needed to be changed, for the better according to Henry VIII. The Dissolution would also show if the monasteries were suitable to serve as hospitals and as educational centres for the people of England. However, Henry and Cromwell had their own private intensions to dissolve the monasteries.
Calvin was a strong influence on French Protestants because of his, “education and implementation of doctrine; second, his experience of cooperation and conflict with urban authorities; and finally, his formation as a religious refugee,” (Kümin, 109). The Huguenots were in direct theological conflict with the Catholic Church. The strong Protestant presence would begin to threaten the Catholic churches hold over the state, and potentially threaten the churches financial holdings in France. The significantly increasing population of Huguenots, including some ranks of nobility, led to aggression that started conflict in the Catholic Church and state. The St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre was instigated by the French Wars of Religion, the Peace of Saint-Germain-en-laye, and the religion crossing wedding of Henry of Navarre and Margaruite de Valois.
The cause of the English civil war The title ‘The cause of the English civil war’ means, what happened to make the civil war start. A civil war is when a country fights against itself with different beliefs. In 1625 King James died and Charles I came to the throne. James had strongly believed in the divine right of kings he had thought that monarchs got their power and the right to rule from God and that because of this they must be obeyed, the people of England were not very happy with this because it meant that the king could do whatever he wanted and claim that God had told him to. England for a long time had been told to hate Catholics and when James came from Scotland and became king he decided to marry Henrietta Maria, a Catholic, the people became unhappy because they did not know if their heir would be Protestant or Catholic.
• The Roman Catholic Church possessed a clear body of doctrine and was unified under the supreme leadership of the pope. Event: French Wars of Religion Causes • By 1560 Calvinism and Catholicism were highly militant religions and were aggressive in trying to win converts and in eliminating each other’s authority. • The struggle for minds and hearts was the chief cause of the religious wars in Europe on the 16th century. Effects • To solve the religious issues, the king issued the Edict of Nantes declaring Catholicism the official religion of France. • During the wars, French kings persecuted Protestants.