The colonies had thought they won the freedom to expand their colonies further west. As a result of the French and Indian War; the political, economic, and ideological relations between Britain and its American colonies changed. After 1763 England had officially gained control of over half of North America (DOC A). This meant that because England had a half a nation to govern, they must change and establish laws to control this empire. As a result of Pontiac’s rebellion, England had established the Proclamation of 1763.
Before they Puritans even landed at Plymouth, they constituted and signed the Mayflower Compact, they knew they would some form of government, so they instituted one. It wasn’t a constitution or a promise for a later constitution, it was civil government that grew out of their church. The signers of the compact met as the General Court and would elect a governor and his council. This General Court grew into a body of representatives from various towns. Though only freeman and members of the church could participate in this early form of American democracy began Puritan’s influences on the New England colonies and a source for modern democracy.
Question 1: Cite the major European powers contending for control of the "New World" between 1588 and 1763. What factors explains which nation ended up dominating North America in the 18th century. When the new world was first discovered by then Spanish mariner Christopher Columbus in 1492 he is responsible for opening the gate way to the Americas. Soon after which started a mad dash of the European civilizations, of who would be first to colonize the new world. The major European powers contending for the new world were Spain, France, and Great Britain.
They decided to come to the new world after the Church of England separated from Catholicism in a decision made by King Henry VIII. Although the Church of England and Catholicism were no longer intertwined, they still felt they did not have the entire amount of religious freedom they desired. They decided that the best course of action would be to head to the new world so they could start a society in which they could practice their religious beliefs freely and without persecution. They were also joined by some quakers and catholics who had not joined the church of England, who also wanted freedom to practice their religious beliefs how they saw fit. Although they came to the new world to start a society based on living a religious life,having religious freedom, and being a
Although Maryland was an early pioneer of religious toleration in the English colonies, religious strife among Anglicans, Puritans, Catholics, and Quakers was common in the early years. Plymouth was founded in 1623 by a group of Separatists initially known as the Brownist Emigration and Anglicans, who together later came to be known as the Pilgrims. The separatists disagreed with the Church of England, and instead of trying to reform it, they left. Plymouth Colony was, along with Jamestown and other settlements in Virginia, one of the earliest successful colonies to be founded by the English in North America. A significant proportion of the citizens of Plymouth were fleeing religious persecution and searching for a place to worship as they saw fit.
The House of Burgesses was an assembly of representatives that would meet annually in Jamestown to make laws and elect the governor. Also the colonists wanted to separate church form state creating a secular government, because the colonists had different views that would end most controversies. They did this to “establish one equal and uniform government over all Virginia” and “provide just laws for the happy guiding and governing of the people there
At the close of the French and Indian War (1754-1760), Benjamin Franklin wrote, "No one can more sincerely rejoice than I do on the reduction of Canada; and this is not merely as I am a colonist, but as I am a Briton." Five years later Francis Hopkinson, a future revolutionary, argued, "We in America are in all respects Englishmen, notwithstanding that the Atlantic rolls her waves between us and the throne to which we all owe our allegiance." Even in 1775 the South Carolinian Ralph Izard was able to assure a friend in England, "I can solemnly vouch that the colonists look upon their descent from Englishmen, and their connection with England, as their
Although the motivation of the Europeans conquest was about gold, God, and glory neither outweighed the other. In my opinion, the driving force originally was about gold. This conquest was justified by the Europeans desire to obtain a trade root. When Columbus landed in the new world the original meeting was genuine however, greed would soon change the relationship with the Europeans and the Indies. It is apparent that when Columbus landed in the Bahamas he believed he was somewhere near the East Indies.
In 1607, the first Puritans to come the New World settled in Jamestown. The Puritans, fleeing religious persecution in Britain, wanted to create a “city on a hill” that would be an utopia for the rest of the world. The philosophies, ideas, and values of the Puritans greatly shaped the development of the colonies and would play a leading role in the creation of America in 1775. Politically, the idea of a united, representative government, which later became a staple of the United States, was derived from Puritan belief that God gave us our rights-not King Charles. Economically, the ideals of a community helping each other and not relying on the government- England- originated from the Puritans.
The Puritans came to escape religious persecution and the Separatists came because they wanted to leave the Church of England. Before the settlers arrived in the "New World" they made a pact and set up laws for the colony known as the Mayflower Compact. They would see each other as equal individuals and work for God. Their goal was to be a role model for everyone else coming in search for a new way of life. However, the Chesapeake Bay was settled for economic reasons.