Laborers often had no way to keep themselves clean, which was worsened by the factories’ already dirty environment. The men and women were not encouraged to keep clean either, and were very dirty and greasy, walking in the factory barefoot, and even eating lunch there (A Working Day in a Manchester Cotton Mill 155). This led to an unhygienic workplace that was not only unpleasant to laborers, but also brought the opportunity for disease and sickness to
Roads and railway were inadequate to meet the demands. Transport and housing were also inadequate to cope with the number of town dwellers. Under the NEP there had been unemployment, a shortage of labour. Many of the new workers were in experienced peasants. Wages rose how ever there were too few goods on which to spend money.
Therefore, because people were so undernourished they had many diseases which became epidemics. Many people weren’t having enough vitamin c therefore resulting in them having scurvy, other diseases became epidemics; influenza, small pox and syphilis due to poor living conditions. Also, due to poor conditions the infant mortality rate was high and many children did not make it to their fifteenth birthday while life expectancy for adults was mid-thirties. Poor people died so young because their living conditions were terrible. They lived in their own filth and waste because there were no sewers or drainage to take it away, even when they threw it out of the house it would drain into the nearby rivers.
Living and working conditions in Russia’s industrial towns were no better. Workers worked in poorly ventilated factories for long hours and little pay. They had no trade unions for protection. Their homes were crowded and poorly built. Economic recession between 1899 and 1903 had also led to growing unemployment throughout the Empire.
But unfortunately, many were disappointed when they saw the working conditions of the factories and the way the workers were treated. Among these workers were many children. These children worked long hours for very little money. Children as young as six worked in these terrible conditions. Most of them worked up to 19 hours a day, with one-hour total break.
Their gamble however did not pay off as they experienced poverty and misery in the United Stats. Gabriel Capone could not manage to support his family. Poor and illiterate, he only managed to get a job as a grocer and as a barber in one of the barbershops in Brooklyn (David Wallechinsky, 1981). Gabriel Capone could not even pay for the family’s monthly rate. As a result, Teresa had to work as a dressmaker leaving nobody to give guidance to their nine children.
Most households that are poor experience one of these problems: The house is overcrowded, not being able to get medical care, or not being able to eat. The average poor people’s way of living doesn’t mean that all poor people live without having any type of hardship. Some may just be that they have food, but not exactly what they want to eat. What really is considered to be a poor family? It’s not just people that are homeless, no food or clothing.
Society in the Industrial Revolution - Child Labour Orphan children were most vulnerable to exploitation, as they couldn't fend for themselves. Due to their helplessness, they were forced to work in factories. Families sent their children to work in factories due to being trapped by poverty. The children were sent to the factories which put them under poor conditions and they received little pay to support their working families. Factories were very poor health and safety wise, therefore the child 'slaves' didn't have suitable working conditions, severely affecting their health in short term and long term.
However the railway took a long time to build with parts of it not being completed meaning that this didn’t happen and no one benefited from it. The working and living conditions of these people living in the urban areas was awful as many were encouraged to live in cities but couldn’t afford it when they arrived as wages were low and didn’t rise with inflation. Disease spread quickly and houses were crowded with several families. There was no government protection for workers and as there were real trade unions it was almost impossible for any problems to be heard let alone action be taken. ???