Explain What Is Meant by the Term ‘Special Educational Needs’.

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Supporting and Teaching in Schools level3 (QCF) Assignment 4. Q1: Explain what is meant by the term ‘special educational needs’. Special educational needs refers to pupils who may have different development requirements because they have difficulties with interacting, communicating and building relationships with others. This means the teaching assistant might need to adapt their approach to provide effective support for these children. Different techniques could include; sign language, adapting the classroom activities or even the classroom itself as well as the use of specialist equipment. Special educational needs can come in a variety of forms, but tend to include; Communication Difficulties and Cognitive or Learning Difficulties such as speech and language problems, autism, deafness, blindness or visual impairment. Pupils with these special needs may have difficulties with things such as; language, memory and reasoning skills, problem solving, movement skills, understanding numbers, problem solving and organisational skills. Other supportive needs that pupils might have could be; emotional, hyperactivity, disruptive, withdrawn or isolated. The children outlined above are the more typical examples someone might think of when we mention special educational needs. However, some children have needs that might not fall into these more obvious categories. Other examples could be gifted and talented children who might need additional support. There are also children who have illnesses that are not obvious by looking at them, but mean they have additional needs to other children. Some of these categories are as follows… • Speech or language impairments • Physical impairment i.e. mobility issues, co-ordination etc. • Children with chronic illnesses • Hearing or sight problems • Emotional difficulties • ADHD and behavioural issues • Exceptionally gifted

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