Explain Two Theories of Ageing Essay

3157 WordsApr 28, 201413 Pages
P4 explain two theories of ageing In this assignment i am going to explain two theories of ageing. Activity Theory Activity theory is the idea that older people benefit from being active by taking part in social activities and continuing with hobbies and interests this will keep their body and mind active and there will seem happier and healthier. The Activity theory believes that when individuals engage and interact with their environment are all things that elderly individuals can be positive to their life and can be a positive sense of self such as retiring may not be so harmful if the person actively maintains other roles, such as familial roles, recreational roles, and volunteer & community roles. They believe individuals should be encouraged to remain active & develop own-age friends. Disengagement theory Disengagement theory states that it is normal for people to withdraw from social activities as there get older and separate themselves from there active lifestyle,and that growing old isn’t a nice, cheerful experience and that inevitably we end up alone. The theory was formulated by Cumming and Henry in the 1961 who defined how the relationship between older individuals and other members of society onto older individuals decrease in quality. This has a lot to do with as people get older there loss friends and family members. Continuity theory The continuity theory of aging states that "in making adaptive choices middle aged and older adults attempt to preserve and maintain existing psychological and social patterns by applying familiar knowledge, skills, and strategies." George Maddox was the first researcher to use the idea of continuity to describe the behaviour of aging individuals in 1968 when he observed that people tended to engage in similar activities and to continue familiar lifestyle patterns as they age; however, the continuity
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