The efficient cause is why it is here (so for a chair, someone must have made it.) The final cause is its reason for being, the purpose it has. Aristotle identified this as the “soul,” however Aristotle did not believe that the soul was separate from the body. Aristotle believed there was a “prime mover” something that causes the changes in the universe. It was the reason everything was here (the reason for being.)
In the work, Empedocles of Akragas by Jesse Weidman, Mr. Weidman states: “Empedocles explains the nature of the universe through the interaction of two governing principles, Love and Strife, on four primary elements. Unlike his predecessors, Empedocles claims that there are four elements in the universe; air, fire, earth, and water. Particular and indestructible, these elements foreshadow later developments in atomic
The cosmological argument has several different forms and seeks to prove the existence of an external necessary being which caused the universe to come into existence. This external agent according to the cosmological argument is God. It is an a posterior argument meaning it is based on our experience of the universe around us. Plato and Aristotle were the first to postulate views on the idea that the universe could not exist without a mover. They both argued that the fact of motion needs a prior agency to motivate it and this mover itself would not need a further mover itself as it would be a prime mover, a necessary being.
Thereby the first role of God established by Aquinas in his first way is that God is the ‘prime mover’. He was the being that caused everything after it to move. Deists see their role as ‘cause in fieri’ that God caused the first movement but then left it to continue by itself. Aquinas’s second way is the uncaused cause. His cosmological argument states that every affect has a cause, which itself has a cause.
Module Four Study Guide Materials: Across the Spectrum Chapter 1, 4, &5, Doctrines that Divide Chapter 8 Study Hints and Questions: (Across the Spectrum 1) Understand the three qualifications stated on page 11 regarding the inerrantist position. (Across the Spectrum 1) How does the Word of God itself support the inerrantist view? (Note pages 11-12.) (Across the Spectrum 1) Be able to explain the “argument from epistemology” as it is used to support the inerrantist position? In what way does this argument relate to the “problem of relativity”?
After reading these two articles I found out that there are a lot of similarities and differences bin these two articles. The greenhouse affect is a process by which thermal radiation from a planetary surface is absorbed by atmospheric gases, the gases we produce and put in the air everyday. Also they both had a plan for trying to get to know the future outcome of the weather due to past weather conditions. They find out from ash particles found in ice or measuring the sea level,seeing if it has risen from polar ice caps melting. One more similarity is the equipment they used to get the results for example they both used temperatureDetermining global warming effects on weather can be done in many different in these two articles I found that you can use ice or water.
Darwin’s theory of evolution and natural selection gives us an alternative way to explain the complex functionality that leads to Paley thinking that a designer has left his mark on the universe. However, the anthropic principle helps prove God’s existence. The Big Bang theory has strengthened the case for God, as has the theory of evolution. In fact when we consider all the physical conditions that the universe had to possess for humans to evolve then there seems to be a conspiracy to fix the
Examine the view that the cosmological argument provides an explanation for the world and is a trustworthy basis for belief in God? (21) The cosmological argument is an à posterioriargument based ultimately on the existence of the cosmos, and the indication it leads to a supreme being generally identified as God. The existence of the universe, the argument claims needs an explanation or a cause, the only appropriate cause for this could be God, this argument is based on experience rather than theoretical logic. Aristotle claims ‘if there is movement and change then there must be an unmoved mover’ although there is one huge problem with this, why does God have no cause? Most scientists argue that "God" is not a scientifically proven cause, whereas Aristotle would argue that God is ‘a remote and unchanging being who allows his world to be changeable so that it can gradually move towards the perfection which he already enjoys.’ A further fault with this would be the principle that the universe can’t explain its own existence, Why is it here at all?
The ancient Geeks had a significant impact on the western civilization. Ancient Greek culture can be seen all over the world. In the fields of art, architecture philosophy, math and drama. One Greek who made contributions to philosophy was Socrates. He believed in the Socratic Method he stated people should question the world around him.
Chapter 1 Introducing Psychology Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior. The word “ psychology‖ comes from the Greek words “psyche” meaning life, and “ logos” meaning explanation. Psychology is interested in the nature of humans and how human beings function. However, psychology is by no means the only field of inquiry that seeks answers to the puzzles of human nature. The roots of psychology can be traced to the ancient philosopher based on their early records to understand psychology.