Explain the Interaction Between Cognitive and Biological Factors in Emotions.

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In biological factors, the amygdala comes out to be important in brain’s emotional circuit. It plays an important role in emotional memories. Some studies had specified that stress hormones such as adrenaline are released when strong emotions are bringing to mind. LeDoux in The Emotional Brain (1999) describes two biological paths of emotions in the brain. The short route is the first one which goes from thalamus to amygdala, the long route is the second one that passes through the neocortex and hippocampus before it comes out as an emotional reaction. The amygdala gets an input from the sensory processing areas in the neocortex and thalamus, and plans these, to areas in the brainstem that organize the response system, as fight or flight. These are the relations between the different brain organizations that allow the amygdala to convert sensory information into emotional indications, and to begin and organize emotional responses. The emotional stimulus is first procedure in the thalamus, which sends a sign to the amygdala. The awareness of the probable stressor allows the brain to send signals to the body so that it can get into action. Simultaneously, the thalamus sends the information through the not direct path to the cortex and hippocampus for closer check. This results in a more detailed estimation of the stimulus and the outcome of this is sent to the amygdala. In the case of danger, the faster path is useful because it saves time. This could be extremely important. The long pathway lets for a more methodical evaluation of circumstances, which can help people avoid unfortunate replies to situations. As though in cognitive factors, according to Lazarus (1975), considerations are estimated and related to how the situation will collide on a personal healthy being. Positive emotions come out if the consideration reviews potential benefits, negative
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