The purpose for reconstruction was to put the union back together and free the slaves once an for all. The reconstruction set three goals, and failed to achieve them, as well as emphasizing the profiund effect it had on the South, and entire race. In the South the Reconstruction period was a time of readjustment accompanied by disorder. The first and main goal of the Radicals was to punish the South. President andrew Johnson supported certain laws and had a better chance succeeding with ones such as,"Black codes which regulated the freedom of blacks and used the law to force blacks back to the
As newly freed slaves would soon learn, freedom was not as they had anticipated. White southerners were anxious to regain power over them and used the law in order to achieve that objective. In 1865, southerners created Black Codes, which served as a way to control and inhibit the freedom of ex-slaves. Codes controlled almost all aspects of life and prohibited African Americans from the freedoms that had been won. Not only did whites want to control ex-slaves, but also they needed laborers.
Christian Stone 2/17/2015 Lab section 5 Black codes enacted in the south After the conclusion of Civil War, Freedmen, free Negros and mulattos were at a cross road between enslavement and freedom. White legislators attempted to characterize this new freedom, but fell short due to the fact that their newly defined black freedom greatly resembled the pre Civil War standard. These strictly white legislators enacted new laws to control freed slaves and attempt to keep them segregated and unequal. Although the conclusion of the civil war indicated that slavery would be abolished, the actual events that played out proved to be the contrary (Black Code, 1865). Freed slaves continued to struggle with these issues long after the Civil War and only recently, have they seen some type of equal treatment.
How did Jim Crow laws come about, how were they sustained in the segregated south (Pre & Post Plessy vs Ferguson) 1865 - 1965? The short and long-term issues that hindered Blacks’ civil rights progress in America. Jim Crow laws refer to laws passed by states mainly in the South that restricted the progress of Blacks. It is a culmination of White fears and hatred of Blacks assumably because of perceived threat of Blacks reversing the status quo in America. The signing of the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 by Lincoln started the abolition of slavery, when the Civil War ended in 1865, all Blacks were free in the South.
Shortly before the 1860 presidential election, U. S. troops under the command of a future Confederate general were sent to where polygamy was practiced (Utah, a territory gained in the Mexican War that the Mormons had fled to). Shortly thereafter polygamy was outlawed and polygamists were jailed. (Utah was denied statehood until the Mormon Church changed its position on polygamy.) Then, in 1860, a Republican, Abraham Lincoln, was elected president. Although there were strong social and political reasons for white Southerners' alarm over the election of a man opposed to slavery: a great willingness to accept the social and political equality of blacks, Southern whites were strongly economically motivated, for, although most Southerners did not own slaves, this form of "property" represented much of the region's wealth, and non-slaveowners were not anxious to compete with free blacks.
The Reconstruction of the United States, which had a main goal to reach black equality, was a failure because the sharecropping system “legally” re-enslaved the blacks, the Ku Klux Klan rose as a prominent group against black equality, and the Southern “Redeemer” governments appropriated power from the blacks by passing the Jim Crow Laws during and after the official end of Reconstruction in 1877. The creation of the sharecropping system put the freed blacks in a cycle of poverty and inferiority to the white plantation owners. The Ku Klux Klan used fear tactics to stop blacks from exercising their basic rights. Finally, the institution of Southern “Redeemer” governments after Reconstruction officially ended in 1877 allowed them to pass the harsh Jim Crow Laws. Between December 1860 and
********************************************************************************************************* Norman A. Graebner NO The Mexican War: A Study in Causation On May 11, 1846, President James K. Polk presented his war message to Congress. After reviewing the skirmish between General Zachary Taylor's dragoons and a body of Mexican soldiers along the Rio Grande, the president asserted that Mexico "has passed the boundary of the United States, has invaded our territory and shed American blood upon the American soil. ...War exists, and, not withstanding all our efforts to avoid it, exists by act of Mexico." No country could have had a superior case for war. Democrats in large numbers (for it was largely a partisan matter) responded with the patriotic fervor which Polk expected of them.
The Radical Republicans saw serious flaws in Civil War era southern society and were adamant that the South needed full social rehabilitation to resemble the North. Many Republican Congressmen also aimed to improve education and labor conditions to benefit all of the oppressed classes in southern society, black and white. To quicken this transformation of the South, Congress passed a series of progressive legislation, including the Civil Rights Act of 1866, the First and Second Reconstruction Acts, the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871, the Civil Rights Act of 1875, and the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. In the end, Radical Republicans in the House impeached President Andrew Johnson in 1868 because he repeatedly blocked their attempt to pass radical legislation. For example, Johnson vetoed the Civil Rights Act of 1866, the Freedmen’s Bureau charter, and the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment, all of which were progressive, “radical” bills.
The Proclamation freed slaves of Confederacy states and permitted African Americans to fight for the Union and fight for their own freedom from slavery (Answers). King spoke highly of Lincoln and implies that we must now finish what Lincoln had started a hundred years ago. By speaking in front