Understand child and young peoples development. 1.2) Explain the difference between sequence of development and rate of development and why the difference is important. Sequence of development is some thing that the child has to develop in order - for example they learn to recognise words before being able to attempt saying that word themselves or a baby has to learn to sit up and support their own weight before being able to crawl. The rate of development is the speed at which the child develops a skill. Some children’s rate of development is a lot faster then others, for example some babies learn to walk at 10 months while others don’t start walking until they are over a year old.
c) Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development, influence current practice. There are many theories that have been proposed to describe and explain the course of human development, some may be of the opinion that they are wrong but they are also right in many ways. Jean Piaget - cognitive Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development has four stages to it, the theory is about maturation (growing up) and the understanding a child has around them at different stages. Jean Piaget believed a child cannot undertake certain tasks until they are psychologically mature enough to do so. His theory relates to the points at which a child's thinking accelerates (18 months, 7 years and 11/12 years).
Homework – Week 1 Unit 01 – Child and young person development (1.1) Explain the difference between sequence of development and rate of development and why the difference is important (1.1) Sequence of development and rate of development are both linked together but in separate ways. The sequence of development is the order in which a child develops, for example, a child of 0-2 years would begin to roll over, crawl, stand and start to walk unaided. However sometimes a child may miss out a section of the sequence, for example, a child of 0-2 years may sit, stand, walk and run missing out rolling over and crawling completely. However the child is still following a sequence of development be-it a different style of sequence. The rate of development is the time frame in which the child should achieve the difference development mile stones, for example, a child of 3 years old should be able to walk up and down stairs unaided, use a fork and spoon and refer to themselves a “I”.
E1- Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in 2 areas of development. Physical Development: Physical development is important for 3 reasons Allows new learning to take place Allows further development-build on skills already perfected Enhances confidence/self esteem 0-6 months Babies learn how to control their muscles and movements. Baby’s development of fine motor skills can be watches hands and plays with fingers, clasps and unclasps hands and can hold a rattle for a moment. Its development of gross motor skills are, lifts head and chest up and waves arms and brings hands together over body. By one month, a baby can turns its head from side to side when lying on the back or belly, and can move its hands and arms.
Pg139). Motor development in babies generally starts from head to toe; however, the time at which a baby learns to control his muscles varies from one baby to another. In the following paragraphs I will describe how babies generally learn to gain more control over their movements during their first two year. Throughout infancy newborns develop certain senses such as odor, tastes, sounds, and some visual configuration. For example, at birth typically a child’s vision is 20/600 and will not reach 20/20 until age two.
Further study has indicated that new sounds directed at the womb through a loudspeaker can also cause the heart rate to decrease, and as the sound is repeated, the heart rate will eventually increase again. When tried with stories and poems, the heart rate would also decrease with the new sounds, and decrease with repetition. It seems that babies can learn to recognize speech patterns and voices before birth. By roughly 4 to 6 months of age babies start to make many more sounds. Before speaking words, babies go through a period of babbling, in which they are practicing the sounds, intonations and rhythms of language.
This stage occurs during infancy from birth to 18 months. During this stage the child gains a sense of trust from their caregiver. By gaining this sense of trust it lets the child know everything is going to be alright and let’s know they have a safe place in this world. Without this sense of trust the child may grow up always feeling frustrated because needs were not met by the caregiver. Also not gaining the sense of trust could later on lead to suicidal attempts.
They will mimic their parents and other children they see around them and develop their own life style and thought process. Minor details stick with them and they start to create their own personality. Nurture refers to personal experiences. Nurture refers to your childhood, or how you were brought up. Someone could be born with genes to give them a normal height, but be malnourished in childhood, resulting in stunted growth and a failure to develop can occur.
Stages of Intellectual Development in Children The stages of intellectual development formulated by Piaget appear to be related to major developments in brain growth. The human brain is not fully developed until late adolescence or in the case of males sometimes early adulthood. We often expect children to think like adults when they are not yet capable of doing so. It is important that parents know what to expect from their child as they develop and to be sure that the expectations they may have for their child at a given age are realistic. Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development Sensory Motor Period (0 - 24 months) | Developmental Stage & Approximate Age | Characteristic Behavior | Reflexive Stage (0-2 months) | Simple reflex activity such as grasping, sucking.
The ages at which children progress through the stages are averages--they vary with the environment and background of individual children. Stages of Cognitive Development The first stage, sensorimotor, begins at birth and lasts until 18 months-2 years of age. This stage involves the use of motor activity without the use of symbols. Knowledge is limited in this stage, because it is based on physical interactions and experiences. Infants cannot predict reaction, and therefore must constantly experiment and learn through trial and error.