Descartes looks at his wall and sees the illusions of the senses, pre-understanding and reason. Descartes begins to doubt and turns away from the ignorance that is being shown to him. Descartes doubt starts him on his journey to find his form of the good (the true). Descartes believes that it is important to study the self so he bypasses the teachers that are presenting his illusions as the truth and as reality and exits the cave into the intelligible world. Descartes is in the thinking (reflections) stage and begins to look within.
Explain Plato’s analogy of the cave. Plato’s cave analogy of the cave it this because it is a simple story that has a metaphorical meaning. Plato uses this analogy to show the link between the physical world and the world of forms. Plato thinks that this analogy helps people to understand why the physical world is all an illusion. Only true reality can be found in the world of forms, in which everything is unchanging.
To break this out the cave is the stereotypes of the world. The shadows are those that see things at face value. They are individuals that are not thinkers. The escape of the prisoner is a representation of an individual seeking knowledge. Being out in the open shows the truth and knowledge.
Thus, the physical world was only a replica of the real and permanent forms "out there". The allegory of the cave was designed by Plato to portray his understanding of a dualistic reality of material and immaterial substance available in the universe. Plato also used the allegory to convey his epistemological view; that is, he believed that the material substance might be known through the perception of the senses, whereas the immaterial things were known in a different way. Though we perceive the material substance through the senses, the immaterial substance would be known only through the intellectual apprehension. So, there was the gnosis and
The prisoners represent ignorant, less educated people who have not yet opened their minds to the philosophical truth – the intelligible realm. They believe that the shadows they see projected onto the wall are the real objects because they have just blindly accepted what they see
According to Plato, the outside world represents the world of forms. The cave in Plato’s analogy symbolises the empirical world. Plato believed that the empirical world only the appearance of truth as it was constantly in a state of flux and that the empirical world has no form of its own, it is only substance. However, the forms in the world of knowledge are reflected onto this substance and the image of their truth can be recognized in this substance, based on the quality of reflection. The shadows on the wall of the cave symbolise the drama and objects in the empirical world.
Then he realized that the sun is an important factor which is responsible for the seasons and the year so had gotten the conclusion that the sun was the form of the good. But when he comes back to the cave, he tries to tell the other ones about the reality, but they reject everything that he said and condemned him because he has seen goodness and acted rightly. However, knowledge could only be derived from the timeless and perfect world of the forms. Anything derived from the movement and uncertain world of sensation would be mere opinion as demonstrated by the prisoners in the allegory of the cave. So, when the prisoner
Differences between Aristotle and Plato There are many differences in approach represented by Plato in his book, “Allegory of the Cave” and by Aristotle in his excerpt from, “On the Heaven.” The way Plato and Aristotle present how people obtain reality is very different. For example, Plato explains that to obtain knowledge of reality or the ideal Form, people must rise above their environment and try to learn and educate themselves. Plato does not believe that people are born with the knowledge of reality. In Plato’s book, the prisoners think that the shadows created on the cave wall that they see are the reality, but really they are not. Plato believed that if people only used their senses, they would not know what the real world was.
Explain, with examples, Plato’s theory of the Forms Plato’s theory of the form is based on the idea that there is another world that contains universals such as ‘Good’. He believed our innate knowledge of forms such as ‘Justice’ comes from within our souls and show themselves in our physical world as particulars. We can also identify Forms in everyday objects such as similarity and equality. In this essay I will explain his ideas in more detail: When Plato refers to a Form, he doesn’t mean the word ‘Form’ in the sense of an outline e.g. a mannequin.
Plato’s allegory is identified as a great philosophical writing that is so symbolic. The allegory explains that we may not be able to know the truth about existence if we rely majorly on our own perceptions. Human senses and perceptions are unreliable and imperfect because they make individuals look at things in their own view and not as they truly are. (“Cohen” 2006) According to the Plato’s allegory, humans think and speak without acknowledging and being aware of the realities but their perception and opinion. Plato refers to untutored humans as the chained prisoners who can’t be able to turn their heads in the cave.