Plato's 'Republic': The Analogy of the Cave

790 Words4 Pages
In Republic book VII Plato explains his analogy of the cave. Plato uses the analogy to help explain his ideological role in the two worlds which are the World of Forms and the Physical world. Plato states that the analogy would inform others how the World of Sense participate nothing but an illusion, therefore the true realism would be found in the everlasting World of Forms. Plato’s illation begins in a cave. The cave symbolises the World of Sense, a figure of captives are tired by their ankles and necks so that they are unable to change direction. They have been brought up like this since birth this is why they don’t know anything else but this. The prisoners are individuals who act like marionettes before the fire which burns so that they would be able to see shadows which flicker on the wall before them. The captives observe this flickering shadow which appears on the wall before them, eventually they developed a pattern over-time. They try to prognosticate movements of the shadows; the sounds are made by individuals with the shadows, this is what they think as true reality. The detainees in this scenario are presented to be ignorant unenlightened individuals yet to discover philosophical truth. They are bamboozled into believing that the flickering shadows which are seen on the wall and they believe that what they see at face value are real objects and also the sounds the people make are being made by the shadows. Plato’s argument is that shadows and games are comparable to the five senses which mislead an individual. His theory is that objects which are seen in the World of Sense, Plato believes that that objects we see in the physical world are imitations of objects in the World of Forms. Additionally the individuals in the illation act like marionettes. Plato demands us to visualize that one of the prisoners has been discharged from the cave. The escapee
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