Explain Paley’S Version Of The Design Argument And Darwinist Objections To It.

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Explain Paley’s version of the design argument and Darwinist objections to it. William Paley used an analogy of a watch to put across his argument for the Teleological argument, which he wrote in Natural Theology. He wrote about an old fashioned watch, that uses cogs, wheels and springs, with the point that such a watch of that design must have had a designer, so that means that because, like a clockwork watch, the universe is complex, so it must also have a designer. Another example is, if someone found a camera. Paley would suggest that to argue that the camera happened by accident is nonsense. The camera shows obvious signs of having been designed. If you compare the camera to an eye, the eye is even more complex, for example it automatically focuses. This must show that the must be intelligent design in the world. It can not have happened by chance. The basis of this argument is that there is evidence for design in the universe around us. Everything appears to have been designed to fulfil some function. This argument is known as Design qua Purpose. The argument of Design consists of two steps; showing that the world exhibits ‘apparent design’, which consists of regularity, effectiveness, purpose, benefit, etc. An example of this would be that the perfect order of the rotation of the planets. The other step is that the inference from this apparent designing, by analogy, is of an intelligent cause. Complex arrangements in nature have been fitted together by a designer for a purpose. Paley then went on to argue that there is further evidence of a Creator God in the regularity of the universe. This argument is based on the idea of Design qua Regularity, which is the argument that the universe appears to behave according to some order or rule. Paley believed that the relationships between the planets, and the effect of gravity between
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