Explain Kant's Moral Argument for the Existence of God.

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a. Explain Kant’s moral argument for the existence of God. Kant’s moral argument can be explained as: a person doing a moral duty; such as a young person going to see their elderly grandparent in a care home without gain for themselves. A duty can be thought of as something you ought to do. “You ought” implies that you can do, by saying you should. Kant says that there is a moral order, the Highest Good. He calls this Highest Good Sunnum Bonnum. The Sunnum Bonnum is when virtue and happiness coincide, come together. Kant believes that this cannot be reached in one lifetime, suggesting that there is some kind of afterlife that allows us to reach the Sunnum Bonnum. We are obliged to promote it, so there must be a God who can apply this, intervening into the universe in a good way; this is postulating the existence of God. b. “Moral awareness has nothing to do with a God.” Moral awareness is knowing right from wrong, for instance in our society, knowing that killing someone is wrong, a bad thing and being nice to someone is right, a good thing. I agree with the statement in the question because we grow up learning, we don’t already know it, it is not an innate moral awareness that we have. For example, a little boy hits his brother, and his parents tell him that hitting is wrong. He does it again and his parents tell him that hitting is wrong. He learns that he shouldn’t do that. He drops a toy on his brother’s foot, but says sorry. His brother would tell him that he was good for apologising, and learns that this is good. This suggests that God did not have any part in this learning process. Freud supports this in his work on the parental and family process. Another example is serial killers. They kill masses of people, showing no remorse, so the clearly don’t have much moral awareness. If God wanted them to stop and become more morally aware, he could

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