Explain How Undue Aggression, High Anxiety and Unresolved Oppositional Behaviour Interfere with Emotional Development in Childhood.

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Explain how undue aggression, high anxiety and unresolved oppositional behaviour interfere with emotional development in childhood. Can this interference make a difference in adolescence? Emotional development is a complex process which is inevitable however, the variation in emotional development in children is also inevitable. No two children are the same. Every child is born with its own genetics and is then influenced by numerous environmental factors. Undue aggression, high anxiety and unresolved oppositional behaviour interfere with emotional development in childhood (3 to 11 years of age) and the emotional development that has occurred in childhood makes a difference to emotional expression, understanding and behaviours in adolescence (12 to 19 years of age). Gaining an understanding of the physiological and environment interactions that occur to influence emotional development is helpful in understanding the affects that aggression, oppositional behaviour and anxiety have on development both during childhood and adolescence. Emotional experiences in early life affect physical brain development just as brain development also affects the type of emotional experience that it is possible for a child to feel. Shore (1997) has found that electrical activity induced in the young brain by the action of the environment on the brain actually changes the physical structure of the brain. Neural circuits that develop in the brain will not connect until myelination occurs and even then some connections will be discarded. The selection of new connections and concurrent pruning of existing connections; which occurs during ‘parcellation’ (Rakic, Bourgeois, Eckenhoff, Zecevic & Goldman-Rakic, 1986); of unused elements continues during the first ten years of life, and is guided by the experiences that a child is subjected to. After this some further

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