Explain How Theories of Development and Frameworks to Support Development, Influence Current Practice

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c) Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development, influence current practice. There are many theories that have been proposed to describe and explain the course of human development, some may be of the opinion that they are wrong but they are also right in many ways. Jean Piaget - cognitive Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development has four stages to it, the theory is about maturation (growing up) and the understanding a child has around them at different stages. Jean Piaget believed a child cannot undertake certain tasks until they are psychologically mature enough to do so. His theory relates to the points at which a child's thinking accelerates (18 months, 7 years and 11/12 years). Four stages are Sensori-motor (0-2years) Differentiates self from objects Recognises self Begins to act intentionally e.g. pull, push, throw, pull a string to make a toy sound Pre-operational (2-7 years) Learns to use language and recognise objects by image and words Thinking is egocentric, has difficulty in others point of view Classifies objects by a single feature e.g. groups all red blocks together regardless of shape Concrete operational (7-11 years) Can think logically about objects and events Achieves understanding of number at 6 years, mass at 7 years and weight at 9 years. Can order objects according to several features Formal operational (11 years and over) Can think logically about abstract propositions and test hypotheses systematically Becomes concerned with hypothetical, the future and ideological ideas Today’s education curriculum uses the category stages but it is thought and evidence accumulated that this theory is too rigid as many children manage concrete operations earlier than Piaget thought and some never need use formal operations. Sigmund Freud - psychoanalytic
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