Evidence will be presented to illustrate the strength of each theory. Finally the main arguments of this essay will be summarized and will conclude that human language cannot be fully explained by evolution. It will end with suggesting that these theories have to be seen as provisional, due to the possibility of new findings. The growing interest in the origin of language can be seen as the outcome of significant technological changes in various scientific sectors. When genes and DNA were discovered in 1953, Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution has been supported in many aspects.
However the unreliability of the results makes the claim an ongoing discussion and an open debate. The theory of evolution, first proposed by Charles Darwin (1809 – 1882) implies that all species are derived from common ancestors through natural selection (Phoenix, 2007 p.118-121). Natural selection is thought to be the main factor resulting in the diversity of species: it has been defined as a natural process, whereby only the variants best adapted to their environment develop the ability of a longer survival and pass on the best characteristics to future generations. Natural selection in species leads to 'adaptation' which is a change in behaviour as a consequence of surrounding modification. Within humans many adaptations have happened through Darwin’s theory of natural selection, one of these adaptations is called Theory of Mind.
Nature also influences our intelligence in much of the same way we inherit our possible maximum capabilities in intelligences from our parents, but these are just parameters as each generation grows so does the boundaries and capabilities in each aspect. Nurture is the other important part of our development, it is how we relate and react to our surroundings and environment. Nurture is “represented by the cultural, social and situational factors and is influenced by the actual development within the limits.” (Lupu,2006) Nurture is important to each aspect of your identity. Nurture influences personality by allowing us to develop our own way of reacting and handling each
Human development studies began with Darwin and other evolutionists who shared his theories. Darwin wanted to prove his theory of evolution; he believed the only approach to this was him studying human development. (Boyd& Bee, 2006) The definition of a lifespan is the average or minimum length of time an organism, material, or object can be expected to survive or last. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2000) The definition of development based on biology is the process of an individual organism growing organically a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level. (Collins English Dictionary, 2003) Ultimately the two words conjoined define the methodical intra-individual change associated with progresses corresponding to age.
Hence the concept of holistic approach, which investigate the complex system as a whole and not by splitting it and recombining it as classic reductionist, appear and plays critical role in depicting the near causalities biochemical mechanisms in complex organisms. Together with Darwin theory of evolution, the Mendel theory of unit of heredity did an instant impact in the evolution of molecular biology that eventually set up the platform (indirectly) for its revolution. The discovery of nucleic acids 1944 by Avery et al, the discovery of double helix structure of DNA in 1953 by
This process focuses mostly on and individual’s level of ability to adapt to a new environment, and learning to be responsible. Psychological traits of a young adult identify their roles as adults. A holistic model of development connects the age identity and level of a psychosocial maturation, but might develop at different rates. On the one hand, adolescents who age and mature earlier than their peers, typically due to accelerated pubertal maturation and responsibilities often do not have the psychosocial skills to cope successfully with the demands of the new roles and responsibilities that accompany this status. On the other hand, youth that develops age identities later rather than earlier are oftentimes among the first to attain psychosocial
Interaction between individuals is negotiated through shared symbols, gestures and nonverbal communications. This theory studies society through interactions within individual and small groups, this makes it microsociology. Labelling In social terms, labels represent a way of differentiating and identifying people that is considered by many as a form of prejudice and discrimination. Social Construction Social construction is how society groups people and how it privileges certain groups over others. Structuralist Perspective Society is viewed as a complex system of structures that interact to perform various necessary functions.
Social Influences on Behavior Social influences on behavior This paper will attempt to explore and explain basic concepts of human interactions regarding a perspective on psychology and examples given regarding how human behaviors change based on different social situations, including specific behaviors, environments in which the behaviors occurred, associated phenomenon associated with behaviors, and if the behavior exhibits any necessary therapeutic intervention. Social Influences on Behavior Social psychology and sociology are very similar and travel the same path. Conformity may make a new situation easier and combining the identity to a group is a social identity theory. An individual’s behavior often changes by changing the individual’s environment or group setting. Humans crave social interactions; to withhold social interaction is a squandered effort.
It is difficult to overstate the influence Charles Robert Darwin has had on science, society and the world. His theories lead to a complete revolution of biological science and are an entire school of thought today. This essay will discuss his legacy. Darwin is often called the "father of evolution". Darwin realised and presented evidence of evolution through natural selection.
Those who favor the nature side believe that an individual grows in a chronological order that is affected by evolution and genetics. For instance, they believe because humans usually walk before they talk or speak one word before two words, everything in which a human does has a place in the chronological order of development. Those who believe in nurture believe that environmental experiences are what most important factors that aids in development. They believe that environmental experiences are biological and social. A biological environment can be in the form of nutrition and medical treatment and experiences.