A different child, in the same routine, may find it overwhelming and may grow up to avoid large groups, preferring a life path that is more secluded. We cannot determine how each child will react to cultural influences; it is critical that the most influential aspects of a culture be identified in order to give children the best opportunities to thrive. While culture is important to the development of a child, the debate of nature versus nurture has an even longer historical importance. I personally feel that culture and biological influences have equal influence on a child, meaning that nature and nurture go hand in hand. An example of this would be a child who has been adopted and shares the same environment (culture, household) with their sibling, but not the same genetic code.
Reinforcement is used to help increase the probability that a specific behavior will occur in the future by delivering a stimulus immediately after a response or behavior is exhibited Each category has benefits when appropriately used, but can easy turn into abuse or neglect. Three major types of reinforcement are physical, verbal, and resource driven, each can be manipulated into positive or negative. In today’s society is it frowned upon to physically discipline your children, either spanking or smacking. It is viewed as a barbaric action. However unpopular it is, distinct differences can be observed between children who have been physically negatively reinforced and those who have not.
The experience of parental divorce or separation, or the death of a parent can impact adversely on a child's psychological wellbeing and their economic and social success as an adult. An understanding of the impact on children of growing up in a sole-parent household will lead to a better understanding of the socialisation processes of these children. Given the large percentage of our population that come from sole-parent families, a knowledge and understanding of their experiences, values and life opportunities is a social imperative. Thus the idea behind my PIP topic is that a proper consideration of the effect of a sole-parent family in the development of children will lead to a more comprehensive understanding of our society. Coming from a family with two parents, I’ve developed into a successful, socially well-adjusted, and functioning member of society (compared to some).
Whereas if the child or young person realises that this behaviour can enable them to get what they want or need, this behaviour can show that it is more likely to occur in the future. This maybe because children and young people are able to learn the effects their behaviour has by taking down in observations what others can do alongside things that the child or young person with problems can and can’t do. 1.2- Explain with examples, how speech, language and communication needs may affect behavioural, emotional and social development in children and young people: If a child can’t interact with their friends they will become frustrated and might get upset and angry. This will then make them not want to socialise with anybody. Children with special needs might have problems with behavioural, emotional and social difficulties because they might not be able to speak, communicate properly or their language might not be developed properly so they will become withdrawn, starting to feel isolated, being hyperactive, lack of concentration, immature social skills, showing challenging behaviour towards others with special needs or others
These groups and institutions impact on the development of the child. The second system referred to as the mesosystem involves the interaction of the Microsystems and the family. It involves the way the family interacts with the other Microsystems. Exosystem links other social settings that the individual has no active role. For example a promotion at the place of work, may affect the way parents will relate with their child in the event that there is increased responsibilities which might take away time spent with a child (Allen, 2009).
The opportunity for men to enjoy secure attachment relationships with their young children is available. Unfortunately social expectations about the roles of men and women and employment practices tend to limit the extent to which this opportunity is taken up. Many children are born into a diverse range of family structures and these structures may change during the course of childhood. Difficult decisions have to be made when parents separate. An understanding of attachment and its significance for children can provide guidelines for these decision-making processes.
Gender Research Paper Although many may feel that gender segregated schools are a more efficient way to teach boys and girls due to the fact that they’ll be able to concentrate better and learn more proficiently, it’s actually quite the opposite. While doing much research, the facts, data and personal stories from those who have experienced gender segregated schools, it has become apparent that separating boys and girls from learning together it far from helpful and rather hurtful in the long run. Gender segregated schools are negative for both boys and girls due to the fact that gender stereotypes are being reinforced, communication and opportunities for boys and girls to work together are diminished before entering the real world and future relationships between the two genders are also being ruined little by little. Many schools, public and private, are switching from co-ed learning environments to single-sex learning environments due to faulty theories that have existed for more than 20 years. Such theories include that “boys need a competitive and confrontational learning environment, while girls can only succeed if they work cooperatively and are not placed under stress” (Sherwin).
This is because children’s thinking, interaction with others, and creative expressions are dependent on toys because children spend most of their time playing. A number of research outline that gender specific toys benefits the growth of children. However, other studies imply that gender-specific toys have negative effects on children’s growth. According to Professor Judith Blakemore of psychology associate dean of arts and sciences, boys’ toys are associated with aggression while girls’ toys are related to appearance, nurturing, and domestic skill. Blakemore does not support the notion of providing children with gender-specific toys.
For example, families can impose our religious beliefs from the time of early childhood, shaping behaviors accordingly. The attitudes and internal beliefs / mental of a person on a situation, object or concept can greatly influence the behaviors. From simple situations, not harmful, such as the option of not wearing orange because you do not like the color much more destructive attitudes such as racial prejudice, attitudes can lead our thoughts and actions. Social influences can affect human behavior by changing our attitudes. This can be a positive change, as the opening of the beliefs of a close-minded individual to include new options.
These category-based beliefs about gender-appropriate traits are called gender-role stereotypes. Adults' stereotypes of young children include personality traits as well as interests, and few characteristics are not gender-typed (Martin, 1995). Parents generally prefer that their children adhere to traditional gender-roles, and are concerned when they do not (Martin, 1990). The extent to which cross-gender behavior in children is discouraged has been found to be dependent upon the sex of the child. Studies have shown that boys who engage in traditionally feminine activities are viewed more negatively than girls who engage in masculine activities (Feinman, 1974, 1981; Martin, 1990).