Explain How and Why One Network ( Transport, Internet or Communications ) Has Grown over Time.” [ 10 Marks ] Essay

1141 WordsApr 20, 20155 Pages
“Explain how and why one network ( transport, internet or communications ) has grown over time.” [ 10 Marks ] The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks, according to the Oxford English Dictionary definition. The concept was developed in the 1970’s at the University of California, Los Angeles. At first, the concept remained in the domain of the government and select few universities, research scientists then used the internet to communicate with other scientists at different labs and to access powerful computer networks at other facilities. Nevertheless, it’s use soon became widespread - considering the radio reached 50 million users in 38 years, the television reached this in 13 years. The Internet however, took only 4 years to reach this sum - making it the fastest growing network ever. The overwhelmingly predominant statistic recently has been that Internet traffic doubles every three or four months. Since the year 2000 this trend has been generally true. To put this growth into perspective there were only 361 million internet users in 2000, barely a quarter of total Facebook users today - versus 1,967 million in 2010. The Internet is now accessible to most parts of the developed world. However, studies have increasingly shown that the fastest growing market for the Internet is no longer situated in the developed world - now the fastest growth rates have been recorded in the periphery and emerging economies. In 2002 there were 167 million internet users in the USA compared to 46 million in China. In 2008 the number of users in the USA had risen to 220 million while in China it had grown to a phenomenal 253 million users. These trends are true of many other emerging economies - India had 7 million users in 2002 versus 60 million in 2008. However, the per capita usage of the internet remains highest in the developed countries.

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