Mental health professionals practice active listening and encourage the client to express their feelings. Mental health counselors develop and implement treatment plans based on the client’s physical or mental condition. Client information is collected through interviews, observations or tests which guide counselors in the development of therapeutic information strategies that will help clients deal with their problems by targeting at-risk behaviors which promotes optimum mental and emotional well-being of the client (Erford, 2010). Over the past decade organizations have come to the realization that mental health professionals need to become competent in cross cultural interactions. Competent multicultural mental health professionals play a key role in success of mental health counseling interventions (Connerley & Pederson, 2005).
For example, one psychologist may use descriptive psychopathology to which will strive to provide answers for symptoms or mental illness. Either way, psychopathology is formally used to study mental illness or the distresses which may be affecting an individual. The issues of the abnormal psychology will assist in the study by the way we would use it in the attempt to capture interest, trigger concerns, and demands our attention. It also brings us to form and ask certain questions pertaining to any study. Psychopathology is not the same as psychopathy, which has to do with antisocial
Sigmund Freud was the ﬁrst to challenge the view that mental disorders were caused by physical illness and proposed that psychological factors were responsible for the illness. The psychodynamic approach highlights the importance of the unconscious mind and early childhood experiences. Psychodynamic psychologist’s attempt to deal with the mental health issues of their patients by incorporating these ideas and creating therapies using these ideas. The basic concept behind psychoanalysis is that a patient that suffers from mental health problems such as depression can address any regressed feelings thus, the patient gains insight of and can learn to work through their emotional baggage. It is a generalised concept that if the cause of the symptoms were tackled it would only be logical that the symptoms would then cease.
Education is important with this form of treatment so clients can recognize how different factors affect the course of the disease and what they can do to manage these factors (Steinkuller and Rheineck 342). Family therapy is also a means of treatment where family members as well as the client see a mental health provider to find solutions and ways to deal with the disorder. Family involvement provides structure and could increase adherence to treatment leading to delays or reductions in relapses (Steinkuller and Rheineck 342). Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy involves stabilizing social and circadian rhythms based on the hypotheses that unstable daily routines result in increased bipolar episodes in individuals prone to them (Steinkuller and Rheineck 349). Social rhythm therapy recognizes the need for regular sleep/wake cycles, regulation of meals, exercise, sleep and plans for keeping rhythms stable when disruptions occur.
Discuss how current counselling and psychotherapy practice emerged from psychiatry and psychology. Analyse the similarities and differences between psychotherapy and counselling practices. I will assess the origins of psychoanalysis and how this impacted on subsequent schools of thought.I will discuss the importance of Freud and how some of his theories were challenged by later psychologists resulting in differing models for therapeutic practice.I will explore how these models are applied to contemporary counselling and psychotherapy. I aim to analyse the similarities and differences between counselling and psychotherapy through critical evaluation of how these practices work within society today. By establishing differences between psychiatry and psychology,how counselling and psychotherapy emerged from these disciplines becomes clearer.Psychiatry relates to the process of healing the mind through medical intervention.Psychology has its roots within academic study and research of human and animal perception.Psychoanalysis is ‘interested in exploration of the unconscious mind in order to cure’.
It takes into account not only the physical health of the patient, but also the patient’s perception of self and his or her ability to function in the community. The psychosocial assessment is used to create a comprehensive picture in order to map out treatment and nursing goals and to have accurate data on the patient’s psychosocial and mental status. Usually it takes the form of a series of questions asked by the health care professionals. Examination of Mental Status Objectives: 1) Define: Mental Status ,Orientation, Level of Consciousness, Memory, Lethargic, Stuporous, Comatose, Glasgow Coma Scale, Stressors, and Abstract Reasoning. 2) State the purpose for evaluating mental status.
In this paper I shall introduce Sigmund Freud’s theories of human development within psychoanalysis and describe how his theory of psychosexual development related to adult neurosis. I shall offer some criticisms of this theory and evaluate how this may aid a present day counsellor in their practice. Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) was a Viennese physician who developed his theory of human development by trying to help emotionally troubled adults. He was attempting from the start of his career to formulate a system of psychological therapy and was influenced by the psychological thought of the time and the cultural influences of that era, which were of Victorian moral standards and the presence of war in Europe. Freud’s theories broadly encompassed the issues of life, sex and aggression.
Essay Title “Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issue” 2536 Words Georgia Cooke This assignment will answer the statement “Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issue”. I will begin by detailing Freud’s psychosexual theory and show its proposed relationship to adult neurotic behaviour. Some of the criticisms and weaknesses of the Freudian theory will then be discussed, followed by a brief description of alternative theory to Freud’s. I will then touch upon its relevance in the twenty first century. To conclude I will clarify the key points made within the essay and detail what I have learnt.
Psychotherapeutic Theories and Models (CPc1) Assignment 2 Paul Carey Student No: 1241-13 Abstract In this assignment I will explore the theories of Existentialism and Narrative therapy, giving an overview of the main elements, including examples of potential weaknesses or limitations that may occur in their clinical use. I will then discuss and explore the ways the theories links with the case study of John, using examples from Johns presenting story to explore a clinical application. Theoretical discussion Existentialism is a philosophical approach to therapy (Corey, 2009a), where the therapist practically applies this approach to a relevant discussion and thinking about a client’s life (Van Deurzen & Adams, 2011). It is not so much a therapy about individual problems, as it is a therapy on the problem of life, or living, as applied to the clients own sense of self in the world (Van Deurzen & Adams, 2011). Philosophers who laid the foundation for the approach gave focus to the existential or ontological dimension of our existence (Cohn, 1997).
As a health care professional trained in different approach, I assessed my client based on the theory and learning experience that I have had. The client was been diagnosed with dementia, limited mobility, and inadequate verbal communication. I undertook a full assessment to a client with a sacral pressure sore. Assessment using observation was been completed to the sacral area, and graded the level of pressure ulcer using the Braden scale. The nurse mentor was been informed about the type of dressing and intervention that should be provided to the client, along with the explanation with the rationale to the procedure that I have decided to use.