Explain and Critically Evaluate the Main Claims of Postmodernism.

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Explain and critically evaluate the main claims of postmodernism. Within sociology there is much debate surrounding the era that society has now entered. Some social theorists argue that we should abandon theories of modernity, since society has progressed forward from the times of Marx, Durkheim and Weber, and that theories of modernity are no longer valid. Sociologists have come to the conclusion that we now live in a postmodern society, a distinct separation from modernity rather than merely a continuation. Throughout the duration of this essay, I will begin with exploring the idea and concept of postmodernism, and then move on to depict and evaluate these claims made by post-modernists in more depth. Postmodernism is a late 20th century phenomena that argues there has been a departure from modernism. There have been many changes which have led to this new epoch known as postmodernity. Most importantly, there has been a new form of society, brought about by fundamental changes in the nature of society. There are three distinct characteristics that allow us to recognize the difference from modernity; changes in capitalism, changes in the consumer society, and the rise of a global society. There are many ways in which society in modernity can be separated from society at present in postmodernity. In modernity reason was based on the foundations upwards, whereas in postmodernity there are multiple factors and multiple levels of reasoning, almost wed-orientated. In modernity science was viewed as the universal optimism, whereas in postmodern times science was seen as a realism of limitations. Lastly, in modernity language was referential; which contrasts with the view in postmodernity that language has a meaning in social contexts through its usage. Since the 1970’s there has been a significant change in capitalism. There has been a major transformation in the
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