Experience Of Dementia

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Catherine scullion Unit Understand the process and experience of dementia. 1.1, Dementia caused by a combination of conditions, sometimes called mixed dementia. Dementia is not a specific disease, Its a an overall term that describes a wide range of symptoms associated with a decline in memory or other thinking skills severe enough to reduce a persons ability to perform every day tasks activities. Alzheimers disease accounts for 60/80% of cases. Vascular dementia which occurs after a stroke, is the second most common dementia, but there are many other conditions that can cause symptoms of dementia, including some that are reversible, such as thyroid problems and vitamin deficiencies. Dementia is often incorrectly referred to as…show more content…
This can cause fluctuation in the persons behaviour as perhaps they are frustrated that they can no longer take care of their personal needs. 2.1, Diagnosis can help uncertainty, It may not be clear why someone has problems with memory or has a change in behaviour. These problems may be because of dementia, or down to other reasons such as poor sleep, low mood, medication or other medical conditions. The uncertainty can be distressing for both the person experiencing the difficulties and their families and friends. While a diagnosis of dementia can be devastating news an explanation of what the problem is and what can be done about it can help people feel empowered and reduce some of the worry caused by uncertainty. People may find it helpful to discuss with doctors, nurses how the dementia may affect them or loved ones in the future. There is advice available about how to stay independent and live well. Dementia is not a single condition it refers to difficulties with thinking and memory that may be caused by several different under lying…show more content…
The impact on family or friends fear, denial, need for information, need for support. 3.1, Person centred approach, principles of care including dignity, respect, choice,independence, privacy, rights, culture, seeing the person first and the dementia second: focusing on strengths and abilities :preferred or appropriate communication, acting in best interests of the individual: person to person relationship involve the individual in care planning, taking in to account of medical history, e.g., personal, family, medical. 3.2, Reality Orientation approach, validation approach. Use of assistive technologies e.g., pressure mats, door alarms, linked to staff, pagers, personal pendants, Alarms enabling a safe environment e.g. handrails, safe flooring, use of colour/ textures, practical aids use of social environment to enable positive interactions with individuals with dementia, use of reminiscence techniques to facilitate positive interaction, holistic approach , responsive and flexible. 3.3, Stigma and its impacts on relationships e.g. social isolation of individuals and carer.

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