What exactly is imperialism? Imperialism happens when a stronger nation feels it is obligated to take over a weaker nation, or region, in order to control it politically, economically, and culturally. This practice also became important to growing nations to gain land, labor, and raw materials for the betterment and strengthening of the country. This type of foreign policy was mostly practiced by European nations and Japan, but the United States also began to join in imperialistic thoughts once it became a world power. Imperialism can also be known as colonialism.
Expansionism, however, had long been a part of American policies. Fueled by a belief in it manifest destiny. Manifest destiny is a belief that American possessed a god-given right to rule North America. Throughout the 1800s American settlers expanded westward towards California. But as the 1800s came to a close, American expansion had reached all the way to the pacific and had nowhere else to go on the American mainland.
Although the Articles of Confederation were effective when dividing the new lands in the west, they were overall ineffective in the areas of commerce, foreign affairs and controlling the common people. The Articles of Confederation did manage to successfully handle the new western lands which were acquired by America after the war. Following the war America gained new lands and the government needed a system to divide and govern these new lands. Many of the larger colonies claimed to own these western lands due to their original charters. But, in order for the Articles of Confederation to be ratified and to pay off the debt from the war, the states needed to give up their land to the national government, so that it could be sold in order to pay off the country's debt.
However, Sun Yatsen was not in the country at the time the revolution started, implying that the Qing would’ve fallen anyway. An influential character of the revolution was Sun Yatsen, the leader of the tongmenghui. Sun was a nationalist revolutionary who believed that the only way China could refrain from being a backwards country was to adopt western ways in agriculture, industry and become a republic. Sun was educated abroad as a doctor in Hong Kong where he experienced the lifestyle of those who lived in the Western Society. However, by the time of his graduation, Sun believed that whilst the Manchu dynasty still existed, China would remain corrupt and backwards.
Fay Wang Period 7 US History 9/10/11 Chapter 1 Writing Assignment When Christopher Columbus found the New World, he would also find new possibilities for both Spain and other countries. In 1492, the Santa Maria landed on San Salvador. While Columbus had intended to find Asia, he instead found a new culture of people and different resources. Eventually more countries would also come to the New World to explore these people and items. It was a game of who could get more money and glory, and the discovery of the New World would only add on to this.
Gandhi struggled to fight against British colonizing power and the Western models of society brought with it. In China, Mao shared the same struggle against an invading power. While not a Western nation, Japan invaded China and brought what Mao considered Western systems: imperialism, colonialism, and capitalism. The historical context in which these two leaders fought an invading power was, of course, a national issue, independent of one another. However, what they fought against and the goals they made for their national struggles were global and holistic.
Age of Explorations The Age of Exploration/European expansion was not fueled solely by economic considerations, however, religion played a major role in motivating the European exploration in the early modern era, from the conflicts between Islam and Christianity. We cannot base this expansion on whether it was immoral or moral because of the conflicts within the two religions. The reason that caused the movement/explorations of the Christians was how Christianity failed to complete their "crusade", which was actually a more of gaining more land than a crusade to help the Byzantine empire from the Turks. The Europeans failed in the crusades, trade must go through the Middle East and India instead of being controlled by the Europeans/Christianity, which made the Europeans become desperate and were need for more land and control. The Europeans started to expand to search for more land through the naval academy.
So as this all was happening, not only Europe and the Ottoman Empire were dominating, but parts of America were advancing as well. While I was thinking about this, it led me to believe what professor Zarate said was true and that history is usually taught in forms of politics. When the Ottoman Empire controlled the eastern Mediterranean, they took away the silks, porcelains, spices, and other valuable items away from Europe. So from knowing this, I think Christopher Columbus wasn’t only looking for a shorter route to China, he was also looking for places that can offer him things that the Mediterranean did as well because he found valuable silks and spices there. Why did Cortes attack the Aztecs?
Supporting Sentence A: During the 1840s and 1890s manifest destiny and International Darwinism were used to warrant the expansionist movements of that time. Supporting Sentence B: The expansionist also used the population growth and the close of the frontier to support their intentions on expanding and conquering new territories. Supporting Sentence C: The movement believed that expansion would lead to economic advantages such as trade with Asia from California and trade with new colonies helping business Supporting Sentence D: Another argument expansionist used was that they wanted to prevent other countries from gaining more territories and they also felt the need to rival with the other imperialist countries. Topic Sentence #2: Opponents of expansion in the 1840s didn’t oppose new lands, but opposed the possible spread of slavery in the new territories. Supporting Sentence A: One rationale used to back up the opposition of expansion was that slavery was extensively used by Texas settles and that it was the major source of conflict with Mexico.
Imperialism in China Between 1750 and 1900, both China and Japan endured pressures from their foreign counterparts make themselves open to trade and relations. In the beginning both China and Japan were resistant against foreign domination, but in the 19th century Japan progressively accepted foreign domination to achieve the goal of modernization while China continued to resist foreign control and remain true to their ancient way of life.. In the 1700s, both China and Japan viewed the West as conflictions against their way of life and had perceived them as barbarians believing that their way of life was far more superior. When European ambassadors were sent to their lands in valiant attempts to negotiate trade with China and Japan, the emperors mocked them and boasted about how they possessed no need for Western influence. The Japanese originally developed an interest in trading with the Europeans, but the Jesuit missionaries who followed the traders arose hesitation that ultimately affected their decision to succumb to Western influences in the sense of preserving their beliefs and cultures.