“Existentialism” By Jean-Paul Sartre

562 Words3 Pages
(Page 1) The essay starts off with an addressal of past accusations begining with those from the communists. They charge existentialism with the advocation of contemplation, a luxury that in their view only the rich may dabble in, and for that it cannot be a philosophy for all. The second attack by Mlle. Mercier (catholic church) dictates that existentialism is a morbid and depressing philosophy that idloizes the darker side of humanity and its actions, all without acknowledging the “good” it has to offer. (Page 2) Continues with communists stating once aware of himself man cannot interact with others. This presents a direct conflict with communist dogma, for if man cannot associate with others once aware then the possibility of an equatarian society isn’t possible. Christian outlook is without God there is no moral compass, and thus humanity is free to do whatever they want, or simply doomed to destroying the fragile society built over the centuries. To them it is unfathomable that we as a species can continue without an overseer keeping us in check (aka God) by judging our every action. Sartre addresses both concerns for the first time stating that all truths and knowledge is only realitive through the lens of humanity. We make something true by believing it. At the same time we as a species are able to do anything for any inhibitions are only true because we reinforce them. By realizing this we are able to do anything we choose, and any choice or action we take rest only on our shoulders. Sartre in a simple paragraph underlines and examples the overarching idea behind Existentialism. Through the accounts of Sartre he depicts Existentialism as something unpopular and considered vulgar when he wrote this essay. Addressing the hypocritical nature of people specificly how they will read two similar novels in terms of subject and come at two different
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