To remain receptive to the intuitive process, an individual must trust in himself. Emerson and Kant warn that conformity and consistency in one’s thinking and acting permits society to dictate an individual’s being; therefore undermining the notion of taking responsibility for one’s own mind. This in turn creates barriers the individual must overcome in order to reach enlightenment. In “Self-Reliance”, Emerson believes that the individual loses a part of himself by not being self sufficient enough to trust ones opinions. “A man should learn to detect and watch that gleam of light which flashes across his mind from within…In every work of genius we recognize our own rejected thoughts; they come back to us with a certain alienated majesty…They teach us to abide by our spontaneous impression with good humored inflexibility…” (Emerson, 164) Emerson stresses not the substance of the ‘‘rejected thoughts’’, but their quality of ‘‘majesty’’ or greatness.
It is viewed more as an attitudinal or philosophical approach to counseling rather than a theory of therapy because it is loosely based on existential philosophy and it is not tied to any particular therapeutic technique (Sharf, 2004). Broadly defined, existential therapy encourages clients to develop a full comprehension of their personal meaning of life and purpose of existence in the universe (Frankl, 1997; Yalom, 1980). It is suggested that a counselor develop his or her own
Simpler questions would be “Is Dr. Smith’s intentional practise of omitting important information relevant to his client’s treatment ethical?” or “Is Dr. Smith’s failure to report his client’s actions to the authorities morally justifiable?” Both would be good questions, but I believe the question the study guide asks us to consider embrace both of these questions. The possible answers to the question are “yes” or “no”. I will be using rule-based utilitarianism and Kantian deontology to analyse this case study. There is not enough information to consider act-based utilitarianism: Act-based utilitarianism essentially says that one should perform that act which will bring about the greatest amount of good (“happiness”) over bad for everyone affected by the act. Each situation and each person must be assessed on their own merits (Thiroux, 2004, p. 42).
Existentialism and Gestalt Theory The principles of existential therapy are based on the theories of 19th and 20th century philosophers, Soren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche. Existential therapy supports the idea that we are all directly responsible for our own lives over the idea of meaningful existence and predetermined destiny. Many other philosophers, including Jean-Paul Sartre, Gabriel Marcel and Ludwig Binswanger, also contributed to these ideas. Existential therapy is aimed at making sense of human existence and is generally not concerned with the client's past, but emphasizes the choices to be made in the present and future. The focus is on the nature of the human condition, which includes a capacity for self-awareness,
The Humanistic key figures are people who are encouraged in his or her upbringing to develop their own unique style instead appreciate when they meet other individuals’ outlooks to develop self-concepts. If given the opportunity they will strive toward achieving self-actualization to continue the expedition rather as a final endpoint. Cultures foster the development of concepts of the self as to encourage individuality and uniqueness of character. * Roger ‘ Self-theory * Maslow’s concept of self-identity * Culture and self-identity Key Concepts of the personality formation consist of 3 mental systems the id, ego, and superego (Cervone & Pervin, 2012). Our minds split into separate parts in Freud’s theory.
The Existential Approach to Groups The Existential Approach to Groups When I had to choose the topic of my term paper I couldn’t be more ecstatic to talk about existentialism and the existential approach in therapy. I believe this is not only an important subject to explore but is a learning experience in itself. According to Corey (2008) existential therapy can be best considered as a way of thinking rather than as a particular style of practicing group therapy. It is not a separate school or neatly defined, systematic model with specific therapeutic techniques. Rather it is more appropriate to speak of existential psychotherapies (Cooper, 2003 Walsh & McElwain, 2002).
Zur (2004) supports the idea of dual relationships being unavoidable and states, “familiarity between therapists and clients are not only normal but, in fact, increase trust”. Practitioners must be careful, consider potential conflicts of interest and never enter a sexual dual relationship. Boundary crossings can be beneficial, as shown by Zur (2004), and does not necessarily constitute a dual relationship. It should be implemented only when benefitting the welfare of the client and
Personal integration in counselling psychotherapy Introduction. Being a good therapist some would say is about being human with another human being and not about applying theory, others may find it hard not to deal with the theory, using it constantly, thinking about theory in relation to each question that could be asked while being with the client. I would suggest that theory needs to be part of me, and I need to be part of the theory. Integrating theory allows it not to be different from me, it allows theory to be part of me. Horton (1999), regarded personal integration as a desire to clarify what is a model of counselling or psychotherapy, then use the conclusion as a way to structure the elements for an analysis of thinking in practice.
According to the choice theory we are not motivated by rewards or punishment so what does motivate us to make choices? The choice theory represents an alternative to behaviorism and other external control psychologies. Rather than seeing people as “shaped” by rewards and punishment, the choice theory suggests that we always have some capacity to make choices and exercise control in our own lives. The choice theory teaches us that we are always motivated by what we want at that moment. It emphasizes the importance of building and maintaining positive relationships with others to create a shared vision.
I as counselor act as the guide or facilitator of this journey. I as counselor do not act as the self-appointed expert on the client's life who effortlessly dispenses advice to the client on what he/she should be thinking, feeling, and doing. I as counselor do not readily provide answers/solutions to client questions/problems regarding themselves and their lives. From my experience, clients are much more inclined to own and operate an answer/solution if it is of their own creation. On some level of consciousness based on his/her experience in life, I believe the client is in possession of the answers to his questions.