Examples Of Vocab

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Chapter 5 Journal Sec 1. Vocab 1. Political party: a group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office. 2. Political spectrum: the range of political views 3. Partisanship: government action based on firm allegiance to a political party 4. Single-member districts: electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each elected office. 5. Plurality: in an election, the number of votes that the leading candidate obtains over the next highest candidate. 6. Bipartisan: supported by two parties 7. Consensus: general agreement among various groups on fundamental matters; broad agreement on public questions. 8. Coalition: a temporary…show more content…
Vocab 1. Incumbent: the current officeholder 2. Faction: a conflicting group 3. Spoils system: the practice of giving offices and other favors of government to political supporters and friends. 4. Electorate: all of the people entitled to vote in a given election 5. Sectionalism: the practice of giving offices and other favors of government to political . Summary In the history, there were parties, which was Federalist and anti-Federalist. Federalist was led by Alexander Hamilton, which believed that government should have more power. On the other hand, the anti-Federalist, also known as Jeffersonian insisted on a strict construction of the provisions of the Constitution. Later on, the Federalist have became the Republican Party, and the anti-Federalist represent the Democracy. However, at first, John Adams have defeated Jefferson by just three votes in the electoral college, but later year, Jefferson defeated the incumbent, and won control of both houses of Congress. The Federalist never returned to power. Then, during 1829-1837 Andrew Jackson had arisen to challenge the Democrats, known as the National Republican. However, the two parties have swift from each other’s throughout the years. When the Great Depression began in 1929, the whole states swift from Republican to…show more content…
There are many other minor parties in the States. But many of them have fade out throughout the years. The ideological parties are those based on some particular set of beliefs, such as social, economic, and political matters. It is hard for them to win many votes, but they have been long-lived. On the other hand, the single-issue parties, they only focus on only one public policy matter. The chapter also talks about President’s party is almost always more solidly united and better well-organized compare with other major party. However, competition often caused the leadership group in the party out of power. Federalism is a major reason for the decentralized nature of the two major political parties and also the nominating process is also a major cause of party decentralization. Often, the parties will fight with each other and compete with each other within their party during the nominating process. Both major parties are composed of five basic elements. They are known as the national convention, a national committee, a national chairperson, and two congressional campaign
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