Humanistic Perspective: Uplifting Implications Carla Kautz Northwest Nazarene University Humanistic Perspective: Uplifting Implications The humanistic perspective is a psychological approach of becoming a fulfilled, whole person. This perspective helps individuals look at their behavior through their own eyes to help them problem-solve and make better choices and goals for themselves for a more stable and fulfilling life. Humanistic and existential theorists are often grouped together since they have a commonality of the many different dimensions of human existence. Humanists believe that human beings are naturally friendly, cooperative, and constructive. Acquiring interpersonal empathy and developing relationship skills is at the heart of the humanistic model.
The four basic beliefs of the humanistic theory include the presence of a person, that person taking personal responsibility for their actions, and that person also believing that they are worthy. Lastly, that person will personally grow and understand. Carl Rogers believes that everyone needs to build self regard on their self concept - and then build unconditional positive regard. Unconditional positive regard when others demonstrate unconditional love. Rogers believes that psychologically healthy people enjoy life to the fullest.
I'm tempered by rationality which means I use my own judgment and my mind to determine whether I should do or shouldn't do something. Next my Classical Value is : Prudence and Fortitude. I demonstrate wisdom in practical matters and foresight: I manage to avoid any rash actions while bringing the gift of entrepreneurship. I am very optimistic and Imaginative and very courageous when I face obstacles. Next my Key Phrase: "I make virtuous choices that are good for everyone".
EXPLAIN THE PROCESS INVOLVED IN ESTABLISHING A COUNSELLING SKILLS RELATIONSHIP: Developing a relationship where ones skills as a counsellor can be utilised begins with being your (flawed but contented) self. You have to be an emotionally healthy individual to understand that you are there to simply provide another (preferably informed) prospective. In order to do this one must be able to really listen to what is being said an offer a genuine level empathy – I used to believe that empathy means being able to say that you have lived through the same circumstance. However, I have come to understand that if the person you are offering empathy to really believes they are being heard, if they can feel a connection to them as a person, then any empathy offered by you will be accepted as it really stems from trust. If your client feels that you will listen without prejudice, hear what they have to say, keep their confidence AND offer a path to a real and achievable solution; you are on the way to establishing a counselling skills relationship.
The term for the use of free will is personal agency. Personal agency refers to a person’s life choices and the paths that the individual goes down, along with the consequences from these actions (Feist, Feist, & Roberts, 2013). This theory assumes that all people are basically good inside and that all individuals have an instinctual need to improve themselves, as well as the world around them. Included in the humanistic theory is the emphasis on the personal value of one’s worth, the uniqueness of individual values, and the innovative spirit of human beings. The method is optimistic in nature and concentrates on virtuous human capabilities to prevail over pain, deprivation, and hopelessness (Feist, Feist, & Roberts, 2013).
Because of the varying factors involved hypnosis and mental health are not a well suited combination. During a personalized induction the therapist will be able to make a concise decision based on their observations and conversations with the client. Initially we seek to satisfy ourselves that the problem with which the patient presents is
It is during this process that a counselor must effectively assess, approach, and strive to help a client to resolve, recover, and return to his/her normal state of functioning. The primary objective of the counselor is to restore the client to a normal state and level of functioning, and encourage the client towards positive coping strategies. “The counseling relationship is unique in this regard; before any work can be done, the client must feel understood and accepted by the counselor” (Kanel, 2007). The foundation of beginning relationships between counselor and client must be established with good rapport. Rapport brings forth a sense of trust and understanding needed to help a client feel comfortable and maybe even optimistic enough to disclose personal issues/concerns.
In this relaxed state the client has the vital ability to change one’s self through determined focus. The client will only accept positive suggestions offered by the therapist if they are convinced by their skill and ability to bring out a successful outcome that benefits the client. Thus it is the initial consultation that sets out the foundation on which the rest of the therapy will stand and works its way forward gearing up to obtain optimum solutions.
The three core conditions of the Person-Centred approach are unconditional positive regard, empathy and congruence; unconditional positive regard requires accepting and valuing the client as an individual, regardless of appearance, behaviour and attitude. A client may initially seem hostile if they feel they are being threatened and a person-centred counsellor’s main priority is to provide a space where that client can feel safe, without being judged or criticised. In terms of empathy, this involves active listening on the therapist’s part to really hear what the client is saying, and where appropriate, paraphrase back to the client what he/she has said. For example, a client may discuss how their parents constantly criticised them, pointing out many generalities such as how untidy they were, how stupid they were, possibly comparing the client to a sibling, how clumsy they were, how careless/inconsiderate/unappreciative. A person-centred counsellor could summarise by replying, “It seems you could never do anything right in their eyes no matter how hard you tried or how successful you were."
Reality Therapy Reality Therapy is used to bring about change while respecting the needs of others. Learning to assess one's needs and to alter one's life in a small way to fulfill those needs is a significant step towards progress and ultimately taking responsibility for one's own life. Glasser (1999) explains that we have survival needs, as well as the needs of love and belonging, power, freedom and fun. People have an internal world that is referred to as the quality world. The quality world is our ideal place, the place where all our basic needs are met.