Another allusive symbol that Orwell aims to create is Big Brother, who is considered as a tool to usurp the supreme power by the Inner Party. The image of Big Brother builds up the theme of mind and religion control, which partly contributes to the totalitarian regime. Furthermore, the Party’s desire to achieve total authority in Oceania is also seen from the government’s way of limiting knowledge. This kind of control is defined since the equation “2 + 2 = 5” has to be accepted by all citizens. Moreover, through all the useful tools, Orwell has successfully impressed the readers, proving the central theme about individualism being denied by the totalitarian government.
The deception of their job is smoothed out by Newspeak phrases to rewrite the past. The more it is corrected, the more Newspeak is apparent in older times, so whoever reads records of Oceania will think that the Party was always right and that they could not ever have had a variation in their own memories. Doublethink was a part of the people not acknowledging their memories that actually contradict the records corrected with Newspeak. The most insidious aspect of 1984 is Newspeak because it allows the Party to control what people think, forcing a person to choose the Party's ideas over their own thoughts (which are based on memory and logic, while the Party's are based on Ingsoc), and eliminating unorthodoxy. In the pages of 46 and 47 of 1984, Syme says, “Don't you see that the whole aim of
Another difference leading to civilization among communities was the orientation of the continents. “Guns, Germs and Steel” is an informative, delightful, and artful book full of surprises. Diamond’s main concern is to reject any simple racial explanation of the differences that occur in material culture between different regions in the world. He argues that there are no essential differences in intelligence between any races. Only those who are able to survive harsh conditions, as Guinea, can emerge intelligent.
(pg. 226-227) Winston is able to keep his sanity only for a short moment until O’Brien claims to have written part of The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism and that the book is just another tool the Party uses to keep Oceania under control. Winston never finds out if Emmanuel Goldstein is an actual person but he still held onto to the idea that there is a brotherhood somewhere in Oceania. If The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism was written by the Party it is among the many tactics the government uses to control its citizens. The Party manipulates language and creates newspeak, doublethink, uses technology to make citizens fearful of having thoughts opposite of the Party, and completely destroys any literature documenting the past.
Society dos not want to be lied to, all they want is the true facts and actual reason behind the wars we send our soldiers into. Like in George Orwell’s, 1984, there is a war going on between Oceania and Eurasia, it is later depicted that it is between Oceania and Eastasia. Nobody in Oceania knows who they are actually fighting. This enhances the idea that the government in society today doesn’t want to give the real reason why they go to war with another country. This disconnection between the government and society shouldn’t be happening because we should know why we have to send our loved ones out to another country to fight for a “cause” that the government thinks is right.
As people we should have the freedom to think and believe whatever we want, no one else should be able to tell you that what you think and believe is wrong or right in a sense that would make it illegal to believe that. In America this law is not implied and that is the reason that people from all different countries risk their lives to come to America. They want a new start where they can be themselves and believe what they want, the opposite of what this law/idea will do when implied. This is one of the reasons America is considered one of the greatest countries to live in.
Orwell has depicted that, in a state where humanly love is not supported, and people are under heavy oppression, that the concept of love deviate from it's traditional meaning and turn in to something else. In 1984, this love has been replaced by a love for the Big Brother, a love similar to a love against a godly figure, where people are doing their best to keep up with his expectations and avoiding doing anything that may be seen as a “sin”. In creating this love, Orwell has been heavily inspired by the fascist dictators of the time, and has tried to make the citizens of Ocenia similar to the citizens of the people in those dictator regimes. This love in comparison to love that has been used by romantic authors such as Shakespear, is greatly remote, since the societies that they take place within are very different. The love that is existent in Orwell's 1984 would be seen as obedience to a king like figure, and love
The undiscovered self is a book which opens one’s, an individual’s eye to the unreal belief of knowing one’s self-knowledge. With all the masses and states which have been created, we as people made ourselves meaningless. We build massive corporations and institutions to fulfill the needs and desires of the so called states and masses. The human being has reached a time of discoveries, and a collection of statistics. This creates the lack in character, and growth in human ignorance, and has promoted intellectual laziness.
The democratic form of government is most familiar to the modern western citizen. However, there are many forms of communism and dictatorships which exist around the world today. The ancient philosopher Plato protests that a monarchist oligarchy, which calls upon an elite group for governance, is the best possible form of government. However, based on vagueness in terms and overgeneralizations Plato creates a flaw in his argument and weakens its validity. Through the elimination of social class systems and based on the separation between Government and economy it may be seen that the platonic ‘drone’ will not lead to tyranny.
On the political side, everyone is free to reject, to revolute and simply to say no. Another aspect of freedom which the American Dream stresses is the freedom of religion as the early founders of the American society have suffered a lot from religious abuse. Freedom of religious beliefs is a basic right for everyone, and any difference in religion cannot be a reason for difference in the gained rights in society. As the American Dream has given great value to the individual, the freedom of expressing person’s opinion and thoughts has imposed itself. Individualism that the American Dream has believed in has made people believe that as they are free individuals everyone should have an opinion and it must at least be heard and respected.