Examining Postmodernism and Marxism.

2010 Words9 Pages
Marxism and Postmodernism are the two of the most controversial and thought provoking theoretical perspectives in the field of sociology. One stems from a theory of conflict within society that is fuelled by clear inequalities of monetary income, the other was a seismic shift in critical thinking and the assertion of no fixed, intellectual truths. Both perspectives divide opinion within academia and their influence is also evident in numerous academic subjects such as literary theory, post-structuralism and feminism. This essay will outline the contrasts that are present in the each theory and their effectiveness in making sense of society. Each viewpoint will be reinforced with evidence of how they interpret their influence on a specific social institution and in wider society. Modernism was the explosion in the arts which toppled all the pre-twentieth-century structures in literature, music, painting and architecture (Barry, P. 2002). It is important to be familiar with the concept of modernity when analysing postmodernism, in the discipline of sociology, because of its historical references. Modernism had transformed how people see themselves and how they relate to one another as human beings, from outdated work practices to machine operated processes, through to wide scale consumption of goods and consumer lifestyles (Bilton, T. 2002). Postmodernism however, as an Interpretivist theory, claims that so-called modern life is now dominated by a crisis of knowledge, faith and the certainty of the big ideas of progress, scientific method and reasoning (Bilton, T. 2002). The postmodern society displays a fragmented and disintegrated system of meta-narratives that were once the corner stone of modernist thought but are now seen by society as a collection of information, ideas and positions. Postmodernist thinkers believe that society cannot have definitive
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