Examine the Ways in Which 2 of the Following Agencies May Shape the Process of Socialisation; Family; Education; Mass Media; Religion

1224 Words5 Pages
Socialisation is the process of learning the accepted culture of the society in which we live in. There are two stages of socialisation -- primary and secondary. Primary socialisation takes place in the early years of a person’s life, where we mainly learn from the family -- our parents, siblings and further external family. These people have great influence upon the child, and are able to teach them and socialise them into social norms and values. Secondary socialisation then is the socialisation we receive in later life from a range of different socialising agencies, such as peer groups, education, mass media and the work place. The three main sociological perspectives (Marxists, functionalists and feminists) all share different views on these socialising agencies (including the family). The first socialising agency I will be looking at is the first a person comes across -- the family. The family is a form of primary socialisation, and is seen as one of the most important agencies, socialising a child into norms and values and acting as a large influence and example for the child. Because of this, the family is very important as a socialising agency, as it teaches children what is right and what is wrong within our society, as well as norms and values, through using things such as sanctions to guide and control this learning process. The family links to the second socialising agency I will be looking at -- education, in the way that education is seen as taking over from the family as the main socialising agency by the functionalists (Talcott Parsons). Education is a form of secondary socialisation, important in how pupils are taught the culture of their society through mostly humanities subjects such as history and religious studies. Pupils also are also socialised how to act in certain situations, preparing them for the workplace. So, what do the
Open Document